Superconductivity in topological insulator β-PdBi2 under pressure

Ai Suzuki, Tomoya Taguchi, Huan Li, Yanan Wang, Hirofumi Ishii, Yen Fa Liao, Hidenori Goto, Ritsuko Eguchi, Yoshihiro Kubozono

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    The topological insulator PdBi2 exhibits two different crystal phases at ambient pressure, i.e., ‘α-PdBi2’ and ‘-PdBi2’. The pressure dependence of crystal structure and superconductivity of α-PdBi2 has been fully elucidated thus far. However, the physical properties of β-PdBi2 crystals under pressure have not been sufficiently investigated. In this study, we fully investigate the crystal structure and superconductivity of β-PdBi2 under pressure based on synchrotron x-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. The temperature dependence of β-PdBi2 indicates its superconductivity with a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) as high as 4.10 K, and its crystal structure is tetragonal [space group of I4/mmm (no. 139)]. The XRD patterns at 0–22.0 GPa indicate no structural phase transitions, and the unit cell volume shrinks monotonically with pressure, unlike the behavior of α-PdBi2. Furthermore, α-PdBi2 transformed to β-PdBi2 under pressure. This suggests that β-PdBi2 is stable under pressure. The superconductivity is clearly observed at 0–11.8 GPa, and the value of Tc is almost constant at ∼4.4 K. The temperature dependence of the upper critical field at ambient pressure and 10.7 GPa indicates that the superconductivity is not attributed to a simple s-wave dirty limit but an s-wave clean or p-wave polar model. This is the first systematic study of superconductivity of topological insulator β-PdBi2 under pressure.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number135702
    JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
    Issue number13
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 31 2021


    • Crystal structure
    • Electrical resistance
    • Pressure
    • Superconductivity
    • Topological insulator

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics


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