Superconducting energy gap from break-junction tunneling spectroscopy in the ternary silicide CaAlSi

S. Kuroiwa, T. Takasaki, T. Ekino, J. Akimitsu

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Tunneling spectroscopy using a break-junction technique has been conducted to determine the superconducting gap structure of the ternary silicide-layered superconductor CaAlSi with and without superstructure. We find that the tunneling conductance in CaAlSi shows a single gap feature, which can be described by the BCS density of states. The gap size Δ obtained from the tunneling conductance in CaAlSi without superstructure is estimated to be approximately 1.0 meV, corresponding to a weak-coupling gap ratio. On the other hand, for a specimen with superstructure, the largest gap, Δ=1.5 meV, significantly deviates from the BCS value, indicating strong-coupling superconductivity. These results demonstrate systematic variations in the pairing interaction with superstructure formations, which are consistent with heat capacity measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104508
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Sep 12 2007
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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