16N as a calibration source for Super-Kamiokande

E. Blaufuss, G. Guillian, Y. Fukuda, S. Fukuda, M. Ishitsuka, Y. Itow, T. Kajita, J. Kameda, K. Kaneyuki, K. Kobayashi, Y. Kobayashi, Yusuke Koshio, M. Miura, S. Moriyama, M. Nakahata, S. Nakayama, Y. Obayashi, A. Okada, K. Okumura, N. SakuraiM. Shiozawa, Y. Suzuki, H. Takeuchi, Y. Takeuchi, T. Toshito, Y. Totsuka, S. Yamada, M. Earl, A. Habig, E. Kearns, M. D. Messier, K. Scholberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, C. W. Walter, M. Goldhaber, T. Barszczak, D. Casper, W. Gajewski, W. R. Kropp, S. Mine, L. R. Price, M. Smy, H. W. Sobel, M. R. Vagins, K. S. Ganezer, W. E. Keig, R. W. Ellsworth, S. Tasaka, A. Kibayashi, J. G. Learned, S. Matsuno, D. Takemori, Y. Hayato, T. Ishii, T. Kobayashi, K. Nakamura, Y. Oyama, A. Sakai, Makoto Sakuda, O. Sasaki, S. Echigo, M. Kohama, A. T. Suzuki, T. Inagaki, K. Nishikawa, T. J. Haines, B. K. Kim, R. Sanford, R. Svoboda, M. L. Chen, J. A. Goodman, G. W. Sullivan, J. Hill, C. K. Jung, K. Martens, M. Malek, C. Mauger, C. McGrew, E. Sharkey, B. Viren, C. Yanagisawa, M. Kirisawa, S. Inaba, C. Mitsuda, K. Miyano, H. Okazawa, C. Saji, M. Takahashi, M. Takahata, Y. Nagashima, K. Nitta, M. Takita, M. Yoshida, S. B. Kim, M. Etoh, Y. Gando, T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The decay of 16N is used to cross check the absolute energy scale calibration for solar neutrinos established by the electron linear accelerator (LINAC). A deuterium-tritium neutron generator was employed to create 16N via the (n,p) reaction on 16O in the water of the detector. This technique is isotropic and has different systematic uncertainties than the LINAC. The results from this high-statistics data sample agree with the absolute energy scale of the LINAC to better than 1%. A natural source of 16N from the capture of μ- on 16O, which is collected as a background to the solar neutrino analysis, is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-649
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume458
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 11 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Linear accelerators
linear accelerators
solar neutrinos
Calibration
Tritium
Deuterium
tritium
deuterium
Neutrons
generators
Statistics
statistics
Detectors
neutrons
energy
Electrons
detectors
decay
water
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

16N as a calibration source for Super-Kamiokande. / Blaufuss, E.; Guillian, G.; Fukuda, Y.; Fukuda, S.; Ishitsuka, M.; Itow, Y.; Kajita, T.; Kameda, J.; Kaneyuki, K.; Kobayashi, K.; Kobayashi, Y.; Koshio, Yusuke; Miura, M.; Moriyama, S.; Nakahata, M.; Nakayama, S.; Obayashi, Y.; Okada, A.; Okumura, K.; Sakurai, N.; Shiozawa, M.; Suzuki, Y.; Takeuchi, H.; Takeuchi, Y.; Toshito, T.; Totsuka, Y.; Yamada, S.; Earl, M.; Habig, A.; Kearns, E.; Messier, M. D.; Scholberg, K.; Stone, J. L.; Sulak, L. R.; Walter, C. W.; Goldhaber, M.; Barszczak, T.; Casper, D.; Gajewski, W.; Kropp, W. R.; Mine, S.; Price, L. R.; Smy, M.; Sobel, H. W.; Vagins, M. R.; Ganezer, K. S.; Keig, W. E.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Tasaka, S.; Kibayashi, A.; Learned, J. G.; Matsuno, S.; Takemori, D.; Hayato, Y.; Ishii, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nakamura, K.; Oyama, Y.; Sakai, A.; Sakuda, Makoto; Sasaki, O.; Echigo, S.; Kohama, M.; Suzuki, A. T.; Inagaki, T.; Nishikawa, K.; Haines, T. J.; Kim, B. K.; Sanford, R.; Svoboda, R.; Chen, M. L.; Goodman, J. A.; Sullivan, G. W.; Hill, J.; Jung, C. K.; Martens, K.; Malek, M.; Mauger, C.; McGrew, C.; Sharkey, E.; Viren, B.; Yanagisawa, C.; Kirisawa, M.; Inaba, S.; Mitsuda, C.; Miyano, K.; Okazawa, H.; Saji, C.; Takahashi, M.; Takahata, M.; Nagashima, Y.; Nitta, K.; Takita, M.; Yoshida, M.; Kim, S. B.; Etoh, M.; Gando, Y.; Hasegawa, T.; Inoue, K.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 458, No. 3, 11.02.2001, p. 638-649.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blaufuss, E, Guillian, G, Fukuda, Y, Fukuda, S, Ishitsuka, M, Itow, Y, Kajita, T, Kameda, J, Kaneyuki, K, Kobayashi, K, Kobayashi, Y, Koshio, Y, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakayama, S, Obayashi, Y, Okada, A, Okumura, K, Sakurai, N, Shiozawa, M, Suzuki, Y, Takeuchi, H, Takeuchi, Y, Toshito, T, Totsuka, Y, Yamada, S, Earl, M, Habig, A, Kearns, E, Messier, MD, Scholberg, K, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Walter, CW, Goldhaber, M, Barszczak, T, Casper, D, Gajewski, W, Kropp, WR, Mine, S, Price, LR, Smy, M, Sobel, HW, Vagins, MR, Ganezer, KS, Keig, WE, Ellsworth, RW, Tasaka, S, Kibayashi, A, Learned, JG, Matsuno, S, Takemori, D, Hayato, Y, Ishii, T, Kobayashi, T, Nakamura, K, Oyama, Y, Sakai, A, Sakuda, M, Sasaki, O, Echigo, S, Kohama, M, Suzuki, AT, Inagaki, T, Nishikawa, K, Haines, TJ, Kim, BK, Sanford, R, Svoboda, R, Chen, ML, Goodman, JA, Sullivan, GW, Hill, J, Jung, CK, Martens, K, Malek, M, Mauger, C, McGrew, C, Sharkey, E, Viren, B, Yanagisawa, C, Kirisawa, M, Inaba, S, Mitsuda, C, Miyano, K, Okazawa, H, Saji, C, Takahashi, M, Takahata, M, Nagashima, Y, Nitta, K, Takita, M, Yoshida, M, Kim, SB, Etoh, M, Gando, Y, Hasegawa, T & Inoue, K 2001, '16N as a calibration source for Super-Kamiokande', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 458, no. 3, pp. 638-649. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(00)00900-1
Blaufuss, E. ; Guillian, G. ; Fukuda, Y. ; Fukuda, S. ; Ishitsuka, M. ; Itow, Y. ; Kajita, T. ; Kameda, J. ; Kaneyuki, K. ; Kobayashi, K. ; Kobayashi, Y. ; Koshio, Yusuke ; Miura, M. ; Moriyama, S. ; Nakahata, M. ; Nakayama, S. ; Obayashi, Y. ; Okada, A. ; Okumura, K. ; Sakurai, N. ; Shiozawa, M. ; Suzuki, Y. ; Takeuchi, H. ; Takeuchi, Y. ; Toshito, T. ; Totsuka, Y. ; Yamada, S. ; Earl, M. ; Habig, A. ; Kearns, E. ; Messier, M. D. ; Scholberg, K. ; Stone, J. L. ; Sulak, L. R. ; Walter, C. W. ; Goldhaber, M. ; Barszczak, T. ; Casper, D. ; Gajewski, W. ; Kropp, W. R. ; Mine, S. ; Price, L. R. ; Smy, M. ; Sobel, H. W. ; Vagins, M. R. ; Ganezer, K. S. ; Keig, W. E. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Tasaka, S. ; Kibayashi, A. ; Learned, J. G. ; Matsuno, S. ; Takemori, D. ; Hayato, Y. ; Ishii, T. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Nakamura, K. ; Oyama, Y. ; Sakai, A. ; Sakuda, Makoto ; Sasaki, O. ; Echigo, S. ; Kohama, M. ; Suzuki, A. T. ; Inagaki, T. ; Nishikawa, K. ; Haines, T. J. ; Kim, B. K. ; Sanford, R. ; Svoboda, R. ; Chen, M. L. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Hill, J. ; Jung, C. K. ; Martens, K. ; Malek, M. ; Mauger, C. ; McGrew, C. ; Sharkey, E. ; Viren, B. ; Yanagisawa, C. ; Kirisawa, M. ; Inaba, S. ; Mitsuda, C. ; Miyano, K. ; Okazawa, H. ; Saji, C. ; Takahashi, M. ; Takahata, M. ; Nagashima, Y. ; Nitta, K. ; Takita, M. ; Yoshida, M. ; Kim, S. B. ; Etoh, M. ; Gando, Y. ; Hasegawa, T. ; Inoue, K. / 16N as a calibration source for Super-Kamiokande. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2001 ; Vol. 458, No. 3. pp. 638-649.
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abstract = "The decay of 16N is used to cross check the absolute energy scale calibration for solar neutrinos established by the electron linear accelerator (LINAC). A deuterium-tritium neutron generator was employed to create 16N via the (n,p) reaction on 16O in the water of the detector. This technique is isotropic and has different systematic uncertainties than the LINAC. The results from this high-statistics data sample agree with the absolute energy scale of the LINAC to better than 1{\%}. A natural source of 16N from the capture of μ- on 16O, which is collected as a background to the solar neutrino analysis, is also discussed.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - 16N as a calibration source for Super-Kamiokande

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Guillian, G.

AU - Fukuda, Y.

AU - Fukuda, S.

AU - Ishitsuka, M.

AU - Itow, Y.

AU - Kajita, T.

AU - Kameda, J.

AU - Kaneyuki, K.

AU - Kobayashi, K.

AU - Kobayashi, Y.

AU - Koshio, Yusuke

AU - Miura, M.

AU - Moriyama, S.

AU - Nakahata, M.

AU - Nakayama, S.

AU - Obayashi, Y.

AU - Okada, A.

AU - Okumura, K.

AU - Sakurai, N.

AU - Shiozawa, M.

AU - Suzuki, Y.

AU - Takeuchi, H.

AU - Takeuchi, Y.

AU - Toshito, T.

AU - Totsuka, Y.

AU - Yamada, S.

AU - Earl, M.

AU - Habig, A.

AU - Kearns, E.

AU - Messier, M. D.

AU - Scholberg, K.

AU - Stone, J. L.

AU - Sulak, L. R.

AU - Walter, C. W.

AU - Goldhaber, M.

AU - Barszczak, T.

AU - Casper, D.

AU - Gajewski, W.

AU - Kropp, W. R.

AU - Mine, S.

AU - Price, L. R.

AU - Smy, M.

AU - Sobel, H. W.

AU - Vagins, M. R.

AU - Ganezer, K. S.

AU - Keig, W. E.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

AU - Tasaka, S.

AU - Kibayashi, A.

AU - Learned, J. G.

AU - Matsuno, S.

AU - Takemori, D.

AU - Hayato, Y.

AU - Ishii, T.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Nakamura, K.

AU - Oyama, Y.

AU - Sakai, A.

AU - Sakuda, Makoto

AU - Sasaki, O.

AU - Echigo, S.

AU - Kohama, M.

AU - Suzuki, A. T.

AU - Inagaki, T.

AU - Nishikawa, K.

AU - Haines, T. J.

AU - Kim, B. K.

AU - Sanford, R.

AU - Svoboda, R.

AU - Chen, M. L.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Hill, J.

AU - Jung, C. K.

AU - Martens, K.

AU - Malek, M.

AU - Mauger, C.

AU - McGrew, C.

AU - Sharkey, E.

AU - Viren, B.

AU - Yanagisawa, C.

AU - Kirisawa, M.

AU - Inaba, S.

AU - Mitsuda, C.

AU - Miyano, K.

AU - Okazawa, H.

AU - Saji, C.

AU - Takahashi, M.

AU - Takahata, M.

AU - Nagashima, Y.

AU - Nitta, K.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Yoshida, M.

AU - Kim, S. B.

AU - Etoh, M.

AU - Gando, Y.

AU - Hasegawa, T.

AU - Inoue, K.

PY - 2001/2/11

Y1 - 2001/2/11

N2 - The decay of 16N is used to cross check the absolute energy scale calibration for solar neutrinos established by the electron linear accelerator (LINAC). A deuterium-tritium neutron generator was employed to create 16N via the (n,p) reaction on 16O in the water of the detector. This technique is isotropic and has different systematic uncertainties than the LINAC. The results from this high-statistics data sample agree with the absolute energy scale of the LINAC to better than 1%. A natural source of 16N from the capture of μ- on 16O, which is collected as a background to the solar neutrino analysis, is also discussed.

AB - The decay of 16N is used to cross check the absolute energy scale calibration for solar neutrinos established by the electron linear accelerator (LINAC). A deuterium-tritium neutron generator was employed to create 16N via the (n,p) reaction on 16O in the water of the detector. This technique is isotropic and has different systematic uncertainties than the LINAC. The results from this high-statistics data sample agree with the absolute energy scale of the LINAC to better than 1%. A natural source of 16N from the capture of μ- on 16O, which is collected as a background to the solar neutrino analysis, is also discussed.

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U2 - 10.1016/S0168-9002(00)00900-1

DO - 10.1016/S0168-9002(00)00900-1

M3 - Article

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VL - 458

SP - 638

EP - 649

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

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