Subcell-matched epitaxy of normal long chain compounds on polyethylene. I. on the (110) plane

Takumi Okihara, Akiyoshi Kawaguchi, Masayoshi Ohara, Ken ichi Katayama

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Abstract

Polyethylene films with surfaces bounded by {110} planes were prepared. On the film surfaces, various normal long chain compounds, such as normal paraffins (n-CnG2n+2) with n of 23 through 50, alcohols (n-CnH2n+1OH) and carboxylic aci ds (-Cn-1H2n-1COOH) were epitaxially crystallized from solution, melt, and vapor phase. The molecular chains are lying down parallel to the chain axis of polyethylene when crystallized at low temperatures, exhibiting different crystalline modifications. Irrespective of the nature of the compound, the epitaxial relationships were explained in terms of a common lattice coincidence between orthorhombic subcells of the compounds and the unit cell of polyethylene: (110)sc∥(110)PE, [001]sc∥[001]PE, where sc a nd PE denote the subcells of the compounds and the polyethylene, respectively. By contrast, when crystallized at high temperatures from the vapor phase and the melt, the molecules stood normal on or tilted to the substrate, keeping the relations of (001) basal plane of the unit cell of the compounds parallel to (110)PE and the [110] direction parallel to the [001] direction of polyethylene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-332
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume106
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1990
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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