Study of microwave-induced phase switches from the finite voltage state in Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic Josephson junctions

Haruhisa Kitano, Ayami Yamaguchi, Yusaku Takahashi, Daiki Kakehi, Shin Ya Ayukawa

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    1 Citation (Scopus)


    We study the microwave-induced phase switches from the finite voltage state for the underdamped intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs) made of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy (Bi2212). We observe the resonant double-peak structure in the switching current distribution at low temperatures. This feature is successfully explained by a quantum mechanical model where the strong microwave field effectively suppresses the potential barrier for the phase escape from a potential well and the macroscopic quantum tunneling (MQT) is resonantly enhanced. The detailed analyses considering the effects of multiple phase retrapping processes after the phase escape strongly suggest that the intense microwave field suppresses the energy-level spacing in the potential well, by effectively decreasing the fluctuation-free critical current and the Josephson plasma frequency. This effect also reduces the number of photons required for the multiphoton transition between the ground and the first excited states, making it possible to observe the energy level quantization in the MQT state. The temperature dependence of the resonance peak emerging in the switching rate clearly demonstrates that the quantized energy state can be survived up to ∼10 K, which is much higher than a crossover temperature predicted by the conventional Caldeira-Leggett theory.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number012008
    JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 26 2017
    Event29th International Symposium on Superconductivity, ISS 2016 - Tokyo, Japan
    Duration: Dec 13 2016Dec 15 2016

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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