We study the microwave-induced phase switches from the finite voltage state for the underdamped intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs) made of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy (Bi2212). We observe the resonant double-peak structure in the switching current distribution at low temperatures. This feature is successfully explained by a quantum mechanical model where the strong microwave field effectively suppresses the potential barrier for the phase escape from a potential well and the macroscopic quantum tunneling (MQT) is resonantly enhanced. The detailed analyses considering the effects of multiple phase retrapping processes after the phase escape strongly suggest that the intense microwave field suppresses the energy-level spacing in the potential well, by effectively decreasing the fluctuation-free critical current and the Josephson plasma frequency. This effect also reduces the number of photons required for the multiphoton transition between the ground and the first excited states, making it possible to observe the energy level quantization in the MQT state. The temperature dependence of the resonance peak emerging in the switching rate clearly demonstrates that the quantized energy state can be survived up to ∼10 K, which is much higher than a crossover temperature predicted by the conventional Caldeira-Leggett theory.
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 26 2017|
|Event||29th International Symposium on Superconductivity, ISS 2016 - Tokyo, Japan|
Duration: Dec 13 2016 → Dec 15 2016
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)