Late asthmatic response (LAR) as well as delayed asthmatic response (DeAR) is an important clinical characteristic in adult severe asthma. These responses might be based on cell to cell interaction following lymphocyte activation. Therefore, to clarify the pathogenesis of LAR, we studied the lymphocyte functions of adult asthmatics with LAR provoked by inhalation of house dust and Candida antigen. The results revealed that mite antigen-specific lymphocyte blastogenesis, IL-2 and ECF production were significantly higher in asthmatics with LAR provoked by house dust antigen than in normal subjects and asthmatics with IAR by house dust and LAR by Candida, though there was no significant difference in NCF. Candida antigen-specific lymphocyte blastogenesis, IL-2, ECF and NCF production were significantly higher in asthmatics with LAR provoked by Candida antigen than in normal subjects and asthmatics with IAR or LAR provoked by house dust. There was a positive correlation between Candida antigen-specific IL-2 and NCF production in asthmatics with LAR provoked by Candida antigen. These results suggest that antigen-specific lymphocyte activation may play an important role in the pathogenesis of LAR, especially in asthmatics with LAR provoked by Candida antigen, and that LAR and DeAR should be considered inclusively as cell-mediated allergy.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Arerugī = [Allergy]|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy