Structure of clusters of Yukawa particles is analysed by simulations and theoretical approaches in an isotropic environment which can be realized under microgravity or by active cancellation of the effect of gravity. Yukawa particles model dust particles in dusty plasmas and such an environment is suitable to observe their inherent properties. At low temperatures, clusters are composed of spherical shells and, when scaled by the mean distance, the structure seems to depend almost only on the system size or the number of particles. The positions and populations of shells are given by simple interpolation formulae. It is shown that shells have an approximately equal spacing close to that of triangular lattice planes in the bulk close-packed structures. When the cohesive energy in each shell is properly taken into account, the shell model reproduces these structures of spherical Yukawa clusters to a good accuracy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)