Reelin, a large secreted protein implicated in the cortical develop ment of the mammalian brain, is composed of eight tandem concatenations of "reelin repeats" and binds to neuronal receptors belonging to the low-density lipoprotein receptor gene family. We found that both receptor-binding and subsequent Dab1 phosphorylation occur solely in the segment spanning the fifth and sixth reelin repeats (R5-6). Monomeric fragment exhibited a suboptimal level of signaling activity and artificial oligomerization resulted in a 10-fold increase in activity, indicating the critical importance of higher-order multimerization in physiological reelin. A 2.0-Å crystal structure from the R5-6 fragment revealed not only a unique domain arrangement wherein two repeats were aligned side by side with the same orientation, but also the unexpected presence of bound Zn ions. Structure-guided alanine mutagenesis of R5-6 revealed that two Lys residues (Lys-2360 and Lys-2467) constitute a central binding site for the low-density lipoprotein receptor class A module in the receptor, indicating a strong similarity to the ligand recognition mode shared among the endocytic lipoprotein receptors.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 12 2007|
- Brain development
- X-ray crystallography
ASJC Scopus subject areas