Structural features of the diatom photosystem II-light-harvesting antenna complex

Wenda Wang, Songhao Zhao, Xiong Pi, Tingyun Kuang, Sen-Fang Sui, Jian-Ren Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In photosynthesis, light energy is captured by pigments bound to light-harvesting antenna proteins (LHC) that then transfer the energy to the photosystem (PS) cores to initiate photochemical reactions. The LHC proteins surround the PS cores to form PS-LHC supercomplexes. In order to adapt to a wide range of light environments, photosynthetic organisms have developed a large variety of pigments and antenna proteins to utilize the light energy efficiently under different environments. Diatoms are a group of important eukaryotic algae and possess fucoxanthin (Fx) chlorophyll a/c proteins (FCP) as antenna which have exceptional capabilities of harvesting blue-green light under water and dissipate excess energy under strong light conditions. We have solved the structure of a PSII-FCPII supercomplex from a centric diatom Chaetoceros gracilis by cryo-electron microscopy, and also the structure of an isolated FCP dimer from a pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum by X-ray crystallography at a high resolution. These results revealed the oligomerization states of FCPs distinctly different from those of LHCII found in the green lineage organisms, the detailed binding patterns of Chl c and Fxs, a huge pigment network, and extensive protein-protein, pigment-protein, and pigment-pigment interactions within the PSII-FCPII supercomplex. These results therefore provide a solid structural basis for examining the detailed mechanisms of the highly efficient energy transfer and quenching processes in diatoms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFEBS Journal
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Dec 18 2019
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Structural features of the diatom photosystem II-light-harvesting antenna complex. / Wang, Wenda; Zhao, Songhao; Pi, Xiong; Kuang, Tingyun; Sui, Sen-Fang; Shen, Jian-Ren.

In: FEBS Journal, 18.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Wang, Wenda ; Zhao, Songhao ; Pi, Xiong ; Kuang, Tingyun ; Sui, Sen-Fang ; Shen, Jian-Ren. / Structural features of the diatom photosystem II-light-harvesting antenna complex. In: FEBS Journal. 2019.
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abstract = "In photosynthesis, light energy is captured by pigments bound to light-harvesting antenna proteins (LHC) that then transfer the energy to the photosystem (PS) cores to initiate photochemical reactions. The LHC proteins surround the PS cores to form PS-LHC supercomplexes. In order to adapt to a wide range of light environments, photosynthetic organisms have developed a large variety of pigments and antenna proteins to utilize the light energy efficiently under different environments. Diatoms are a group of important eukaryotic algae and possess fucoxanthin (Fx) chlorophyll a/c proteins (FCP) as antenna which have exceptional capabilities of harvesting blue-green light under water and dissipate excess energy under strong light conditions. We have solved the structure of a PSII-FCPII supercomplex from a centric diatom Chaetoceros gracilis by cryo-electron microscopy, and also the structure of an isolated FCP dimer from a pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum by X-ray crystallography at a high resolution. These results revealed the oligomerization states of FCPs distinctly different from those of LHCII found in the green lineage organisms, the detailed binding patterns of Chl c and Fxs, a huge pigment network, and extensive protein-protein, pigment-protein, and pigment-pigment interactions within the PSII-FCPII supercomplex. These results therefore provide a solid structural basis for examining the detailed mechanisms of the highly efficient energy transfer and quenching processes in diatoms.",
author = "Wenda Wang and Songhao Zhao and Xiong Pi and Tingyun Kuang and Sen-Fang Sui and Jian-Ren Shen",
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AU - Wang, Wenda

AU - Zhao, Songhao

AU - Pi, Xiong

AU - Kuang, Tingyun

AU - Sui, Sen-Fang

AU - Shen, Jian-Ren

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N2 - In photosynthesis, light energy is captured by pigments bound to light-harvesting antenna proteins (LHC) that then transfer the energy to the photosystem (PS) cores to initiate photochemical reactions. The LHC proteins surround the PS cores to form PS-LHC supercomplexes. In order to adapt to a wide range of light environments, photosynthetic organisms have developed a large variety of pigments and antenna proteins to utilize the light energy efficiently under different environments. Diatoms are a group of important eukaryotic algae and possess fucoxanthin (Fx) chlorophyll a/c proteins (FCP) as antenna which have exceptional capabilities of harvesting blue-green light under water and dissipate excess energy under strong light conditions. We have solved the structure of a PSII-FCPII supercomplex from a centric diatom Chaetoceros gracilis by cryo-electron microscopy, and also the structure of an isolated FCP dimer from a pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum by X-ray crystallography at a high resolution. These results revealed the oligomerization states of FCPs distinctly different from those of LHCII found in the green lineage organisms, the detailed binding patterns of Chl c and Fxs, a huge pigment network, and extensive protein-protein, pigment-protein, and pigment-pigment interactions within the PSII-FCPII supercomplex. These results therefore provide a solid structural basis for examining the detailed mechanisms of the highly efficient energy transfer and quenching processes in diatoms.

AB - In photosynthesis, light energy is captured by pigments bound to light-harvesting antenna proteins (LHC) that then transfer the energy to the photosystem (PS) cores to initiate photochemical reactions. The LHC proteins surround the PS cores to form PS-LHC supercomplexes. In order to adapt to a wide range of light environments, photosynthetic organisms have developed a large variety of pigments and antenna proteins to utilize the light energy efficiently under different environments. Diatoms are a group of important eukaryotic algae and possess fucoxanthin (Fx) chlorophyll a/c proteins (FCP) as antenna which have exceptional capabilities of harvesting blue-green light under water and dissipate excess energy under strong light conditions. We have solved the structure of a PSII-FCPII supercomplex from a centric diatom Chaetoceros gracilis by cryo-electron microscopy, and also the structure of an isolated FCP dimer from a pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum by X-ray crystallography at a high resolution. These results revealed the oligomerization states of FCPs distinctly different from those of LHCII found in the green lineage organisms, the detailed binding patterns of Chl c and Fxs, a huge pigment network, and extensive protein-protein, pigment-protein, and pigment-pigment interactions within the PSII-FCPII supercomplex. These results therefore provide a solid structural basis for examining the detailed mechanisms of the highly efficient energy transfer and quenching processes in diatoms.

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