Stool decay-accelerating factor as a marker for monitoring the disease activity during leukocyte apheresis therapy in patients with refractory ulcerative colitis

Hiroyuki Kohno, Motowo Mizuno, Junichirou Nasu, Chiho Makidono, Sakiko Hiraoka, Tomoki Inaba, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Okada, Teizo Fujita, Yasushi Shiratori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aims: We have shown previously that concentrations of stool decay-accelerating factor (DAF; CD55), a complement regulatory protein, in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are increased in relation to the severity of the colonic mucosal inflammation. In the present study, we evaluated the usefulness of stool DAF as a marker for monitoring disease activity in patients with steroid-resistant active UC being treated with leukocyte apheresis performed with a centrifugal cell separator. Methods: Twenty-one patients with active and steroid-resistant UC were treated with leukocyte apheresis once a week for 4 weeks, and stool DAF concentrations were determined weekly by immunoassay. Results: After treatment, 11 (52%) of the 21 UC patients went into remission. Stool DAF concentrations decreased promptly and steadily in the responsive group. The difference reached statistical significance as soon as after the second apheresis session (P < 0.003), compared with values before the therapy and corresponding values in the non-responsive group (P = 0.024). The reduction in stool DAF concentrations after the second apheresis session was significantly greater in the responsive group (median 90%, range 22-90%) than in the non-responsive group (median -13%, range -307-94%) (P = 0.008). Hematological tests, that is, white blood cell (WBC) count and C-reactive protein, declined significantly during the apheresis therapy, but not in relation to therapeutic response. Conclusion: Stool DAF concentration is a useful marker in the clinical response of UC patients to treatment with leukocyte apheresis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • CD55
  • Decay-accelerating-factor
  • Leukocyte apheresis
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Stool decay-accelerating factor as a marker for monitoring the disease activity during leukocyte apheresis therapy in patients with refractory ulcerative colitis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this