LPS stimulates CD14/Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, leading to induce TNF-α production. Cell-to-cell interaction through the engagement between intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) 1 on monocytes and its ligand on T cells has been suggested to play a role in the TNF-α production by LPS-treated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Adenosine is reported to inhibit LPS-induced TNF-α production. However, little is known about the mechanism of the inhibitory effects induced by adenosine on the LPS-induced immune responses. We found that adenosine inhibited the expression of ICAM-1 and the production of TNF-α by human PBMC via adenosine A2A receptor in the presence of LPS. However, the stimulation of A1R or A3R enhanced the actions of adenosine. Adenosine had no effect on the expression of CD14 and TLR-4, suggesting that the inhibitory effects of adenosine on the LPS actions might be independent of the expression of CD14 and TLR-4. Thus, adenosine differentially regulates the expression of ICAM-1 and the production of TNF-α through plural subtypes of receptors.
- A receptor
- Adenosine A
- CD14 Toll-like receptor 4
- Intercellular adhesion molecule 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine