Stereoselective uptake of an organic anion across the renal basolateral membrane in isolated perfused rat kidney

Kazutaka Higaki, Tadahiko Yukawa, Masaharu Takeuchi, Kenichi Nezasa, Masayuki Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To clarify which process in renal secretion is responsible for the stereoselective renal secretion of organic anions, the renal handling of enantiomers of 5-monomethylsufamoyl-6,7-dichloro-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-2- carboxylic acid (MBCA) was studied by the multiple-indicator dilution method, using isolated perfursed rat kidney. After bolus injection of (R)-(+)- [14C]MBCA or (S)-(-)-[14C]MBCA into the renal artery, the outflow patterns for the perfusate and the urinary excretion rate profiles were estimated by statistical moment analysis. AUC values and mean transit times in kidney for the MBCA enantiomers indicated that (R)-(+)-MBCA was excreted much more extensively in urine and that it had a higher affinity for renal tissue than did (S)-(-)-MBCA. A significantly larger intrinsic clearance of secretion for (R)-(+)-MBCA attested to the R-(+)-preferential renal secretion. The uptake rate constant across the basolateral membrane, the ratio of the uptake rate constant across the basolateral membrane, the ratio of the uptake rate constant to the free fraction in the perfusate, and the intracellular distribution volume were significantly larger for (R)-(+)-MBCA than for (S)-(-)-MBCA, indicating that uptake across the basolateral membrane and intracellular distribution were R-(+)-preferential. However, the mean time across renal epithelial cells for secreted molecules, the single-pass mean residence time in renal epithelial cells, and the rate constant for secretion across the brush-border membrane were not significantly different between enantiomers. The simultaneous presence of (R)-(+)-MBCA decreased the intrinsic clearance of secretion, the ratio of the uptake rate constant to the free fraction in the perfusate, and the intracellular distribution volume for (S)-(-)-[14C]MBCA, although the secretion rate constant, to the free fraction in the perfusate, and the intracellular distribution volume for (S)- (-)-[14C]MBCA, although the secretion rate constant, the mean time across renal epithelial cells for secreted molecules, and the single-pass mean residence time in renal epithelial cells were not influenced by (R)-(+)- MBCA, confirming that uptake across the basolateral membrane and intracellular distribution were stereo-selective processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume26
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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