The stereoselective glucuronidation of propranolol (PL) in human and cynomolgus monkey liver microsomes, and the roles of human hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isofoms involved in the enantiomeric glucuronidation of PL using recombinant UGT enzymes were investigated. In Michaelis-Menten plots, R- and S-PL glucuronidation by human liver microsomes showed sigmoidal kinetics whereas the kinetics of enantiomeric PL glucuronidation by cynomolgus monkey liver microsomes was monophasic. The K m, Vmax and CLint values of cynomolgus monkey liver microsomes were generally higher than the S50, Vmax and CLmax values of human liver microsomes in R- and S-PL glucuronidation. The glucuronidation of R- and S-PL was catalyzed by at least 3 UGT isoforms: UGT1A9, UGT2B4 and UGT2B7. Michaelis-Menten plots for R- and S-PL glucuronidation by UGT1A9 were monophasic, whereas the kinetics of UGT2B7 showed sigmoidal curves. Enantiomeric R-PL glucuronidation by UGT2B4 showed sigmoidal kinetics, whereas S-PL glucuronidation displayed monophasic kinetics. UGT1A9 showed remarkable stereoselectivity in Vmax and CLint values of R-PL <S-PL. These findings demonstrate that the profiles of enantiomeric PL glucuronidation in human and cynomolgus monkey liver microsomes are largely different and suggest that the human hepatic UGT isofoms UGT1A9, UGT2B4 and UGT2B7 play distinctive roles in enantiomeric PL glucuronidation.
- Cynomolgus monkey liver microsomes
- Human liver microsomes
- Stereoselective glucuronidation
ASJC Scopus subject areas