Stay-green in rice (Oryza sativa L.) of drought-prone areas in desiccated soils

Tien Ba Hoang, Tohru Kobata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stay-green in the post-anthesis period is thought to be an efficient drought-tolerance trait in crops, but its effectiveness in rice (Oryza sativa L.) is unknown. Our objectives were to determine whether the stay-green trait exists in rice cultivars in drought-prone areas. Twenty-four cultivars from Japan and Vietnam were grown in pots of 0.08 m in diameter and 1.00 m deep. At heading, irrigation was terminated in half of the pots and continued in the remaining pots. Every four days during the grain-filling period, we measured the leaf green color with a chlorophyll meter (SPAD), the green leaf area (GLA) and the fraction of transpirable soil water (FTSW). The capacity for maintenance of SPAD-value and GLA in desiccated soils was evaluated by determining the ratio of integrated SPAD-value and GLA in desiccated (D) plants to those in irrigated (I) plants (SPADD/I or GLAD/I, respectively). The SPADD/I and GLAD/I in 24 cultivars showed diverse frequency distributions. Cultivars belonging to higher ranges of the distribution in SPADD/I and GLAD/I tended to show higher ratios of plant dry weight at harvest in D to in I plants. SPADD/I and GLAD/I in the grain-filling period were poorly correlated with those in the seedling period in desiccated soils, and hence the capacity for maintenance of green leaves in the grain-filling period would differ from that in the seedling period. These results suggest that the stay-green trait exists as the capacity for maintaining green leaves and benefits dry matter production in desiccated soils in rice cultivars in drought-prone areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-408
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Production Science
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 9 2009

Keywords

  • Drought
  • Grain-filling period
  • Rice
  • Seedling period
  • Stay-green

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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