Stability of phengite and biotite in eclogites and characteristics of biotite- or orthopyroxene-bearing eclogites

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Abstract

Stability of phengite and biotite in eclogite is discussed using petrological data of natural eclogites, and the observational data are examined by thermodynamic calculations. Generally, phengite is a major K phase in natural eclogite and is stable in wide range of bulk composition. However, in eclogites from several localities of the Caledonides, biotite occurs as a stable eclogite-facies mineral, and is often associated with orthopyroxene. Bulk compositions of such biotite- or orthopyroxene-bearing eclogites are compared with those of eclogites from the Dabie-Sulu region, China, where phengite is a major K phase in eclogite. The biotite- or orthopyroxene-bearing eclogites from the Western Gneiss Region of the Caledonides are rich in MgO (10-15 wt%) and relatively poor in CaO (7-8 wt%) and Al2O3 (12-16 wt%). The CaO/MgO ratios of the biotite- or orthopyroxene-bearing eclogites are clearly lower than those of eclogites from the Dabie-Sulu region, indicating that MgO-rich and CaO-poor environments should be important for stabilizing of biotite and orthopyroxene in eclogite. Biotite-bearing eclogite from the North-East Greenland Eclogite Province is rich in MgO (≈ 16 wt%) and CaO (≈ 15.5 wt%) and extremely poor in Al2O3 (≈ 8 wt%). To stabilize biotite in eclogite, Al2O3-poor environments are also important. Bulk compositions of these biotite- or orthopyroxene-bearing eclogites are similar to picrite basaltic compositions. To examine these observational data, thermodynamic calculations were carried out in a seven-component system Firstly, calculations were performed on the average bulk composition of eclogites from the Dabie-Sulu region to lherzolite (KLB-1). The calculation results confirmed that phengite should be stable in eclogite with 'ordinary' basaltic composition, whereas biotite and orthopyroxene should be stable in picrite basaltic compositions (e.g. MgO > 11.0 wt%, CaO < 9.8 wt%, Al2O3 < 15.2 wt% at 700 °C, 2.5 GPa). Further calculations in basaltic system confirmed that increase of MgO content and decrease of CaO and Al2O3 contents were important to stabilize biotite and orthopyroxene in eclogite. Thus, mineral assemblage in picrite basalt system should be completely different from that in normal basaltic system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-567
Number of pages18
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Volume145
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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