Sr-sulphate and associated minerals found from kyanite-bearing eclogite in the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic

Daisuke Nakamura, Tomoyuki Kobayashi, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Martin Svojtka, Takao Hirajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sr-sulphate, celestine, was newly found in a kyanite-bearing eclogite associated with the Nové Dvory peridotite mass in the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Celestine is closely associated with anhydrite, pyrite, pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite, and those minerals occur in the matrix, where fine-grained omphacite aggregate and kelyphites after garnet develop. A common Sr reservoir in eclogite is known to be epidote, but the maximum pressure-temperature (P-T) conditions of the studied eclogite was estimated as about 1050-1150 °C, 4.5-4.9 GPa. In such extremely high P-T conditions, epidote should be unstable. In fact, epidote is absent from most of eclogites in the Moldanubian Zone of Czech Republic. These facts suggest that a Sr-reservoir after the epidote-breakdown in subducting eclogite might be celestine, or its high-P polymorph, although the formation stage of celestine in the study sample and maximum stability limits of celestine are not known. Another idea is that celestine in the study sample was formed at relatively shallow levels after the ascent of the eclogite. In this case, omphacite and apatite would have contained significant amount of Sr under the eclogitefacies conditions. Otherwise, metasomatic infiltration of Sr-rich fluids into the eclogite is necessary for the formation of celestine in order to provide sufficient amount of Sr. A Ba-rich alumino-silicate, probably celsian, was also found as a retrograde product around pyrrhotite in kelyphite and in symplectites mainly composed of augite and plagioclase after omphacite. Several grains of biotite are also present along the margin of garnet and in the symplectites after omphacite. In addition, small amounts of muscovite and amphibole are present in the symplectites after omphacite. These findings suggest that metasomatism with Sr- and Ba-rich fluids may have occurred during decompression of the eclogite and may not be indicative of the UHP history of these rocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-261
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences
Volume105
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

Fingerprint

celestine
eclogite
Czech Republic
kyanite
omphacite
sulfates
minerals
sulfate
epidote
mineral
pyrrhotite
garnets
garnet
muscovite
fluid
peridotite
amphiboles
fluids
ascent
augite

Keywords

  • Bohemian Massif
  • Celestine
  • Eclogite
  • Sr
  • Sulphide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geology

Cite this

Sr-sulphate and associated minerals found from kyanite-bearing eclogite in the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. / Nakamura, Daisuke; Kobayashi, Tomoyuki; Shimobayashi, Norimasa; Svojtka, Martin; Hirajima, Takao.

In: Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, Vol. 105, No. 5, 10.2010, p. 251-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Sr-sulphate, celestine, was newly found in a kyanite-bearing eclogite associated with the Nov{\'e} Dvory peridotite mass in the Moldanubian Zone of the Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic. Celestine is closely associated with anhydrite, pyrite, pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite, and those minerals occur in the matrix, where fine-grained omphacite aggregate and kelyphites after garnet develop. A common Sr reservoir in eclogite is known to be epidote, but the maximum pressure-temperature (P-T) conditions of the studied eclogite was estimated as about 1050-1150 °C, 4.5-4.9 GPa. In such extremely high P-T conditions, epidote should be unstable. In fact, epidote is absent from most of eclogites in the Moldanubian Zone of Czech Republic. These facts suggest that a Sr-reservoir after the epidote-breakdown in subducting eclogite might be celestine, or its high-P polymorph, although the formation stage of celestine in the study sample and maximum stability limits of celestine are not known. Another idea is that celestine in the study sample was formed at relatively shallow levels after the ascent of the eclogite. In this case, omphacite and apatite would have contained significant amount of Sr under the eclogitefacies conditions. Otherwise, metasomatic infiltration of Sr-rich fluids into the eclogite is necessary for the formation of celestine in order to provide sufficient amount of Sr. A Ba-rich alumino-silicate, probably celsian, was also found as a retrograde product around pyrrhotite in kelyphite and in symplectites mainly composed of augite and plagioclase after omphacite. Several grains of biotite are also present along the margin of garnet and in the symplectites after omphacite. In addition, small amounts of muscovite and amphibole are present in the symplectites after omphacite. These findings suggest that metasomatism with Sr- and Ba-rich fluids may have occurred during decompression of the eclogite and may not be indicative of the UHP history of these rocks.",
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