Spontaneous labor curve based on a retrospective multi-center study in Japan

Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology Perinatal Committee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: In Japan, the criteria of the latent and active phases of the first stage of labor have not been decided. The Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) Perinatal Committee conducted a study to construct a spontaneous labor curve in order to determine the point of onset of the active phase. Methods: The participants were women who had spontaneous deliveries at four health facilities in Japan between September 1, 2011, and September 31, 2019. Spontaneous delivery was defined as the spontaneous onset of labor at term (37 weeks, 0 days to 41 weeks, 6 days) with vaginal delivery of a mature fetus in a cephalic position without uterotonic agents or epidural analgesia. The time points for each “cm” of dilation were collected starting from the time of full dilation retrogradely. The relationship between time since labor onset and cervical dilation was expressed as a curve using a smoothing B-spline. Results: A total of 4215 primiparous and 5266 multiparous women were included in this study. The spontaneous labor curve showed that in both primiparous and multiparous women, labor progress was slow until 5 cm cervical dilation, accelerating between 5 and 6 cm dilation, and steadily progressed after 6 cm dilation. Conclusion: We propose that the active phase of the first stage of labor be defined as starting at 5 cm dilation of the cervix, and that it be divided into an acceleration phase (5–6 cm dilation) and a maximal phase (>6 cm dilation).

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Friedman curve
  • active phase
  • first stage of labor
  • labor curve
  • spontaneous labor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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