Spiral versus J-shaped coils for neurovascular embolisation - An in-vitro study

K. Sugiu, K. Tokunaga, S. Mandai, J. B. Martin, B. Jean, D. A. Rüfenacht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our purpose was to compare the characteristics of J-shaped detachable platinum coils with those of spiral coils in in-vitro vascular models. J-shaped coils consist of distal semicircular and proximal straight segments, the latter extending for most of the length of the coil. Spiral coils have a helical shape memory and are thus limited in expansion. In in-vitro silicone vascular models simulating intracranial aneurysms and dural arteriovenous fistulae, we compared J-shaped and spiral coils with regard to ease of delivery, anchoring and folding patterns, and stability in various types of vascular lumen. Delivery and retrieval were comparable. In large and irregular aneurysms and venous sinuses, J-shaped coils could form a more complex basket which conformed to the shape of the vascular cavity. The J-shaped coil was always in contact with the vessel wall. In wide-necked aneurysms, coil protrusion was more frequent with J-shaped coils, while spiral coils tended to stay compact and circular. Arteries were occluded in a shorter segment with spiral coils. J-shaped coils were safe and superior for large and irregular aneurysms or sinuses. Spiral coils were preferable for spherical aneurysms and segmental occlusion of arteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroradiology
Volume45
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • Coil embolisation
  • Intracranial aneurysm
  • Intracranial arteriovenous fistula
  • J-shaped coil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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