Spinosad resistance of melon thrips, Thrips palmi, is conferred by G275E mutation in α6 subunit of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and cytochrome P450 detoxification

Wen Xue Bao, Yutaka Narai, Akio Nakano, Takemichi Kaneda, Tamotsu Murai, Shoji Sonoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To examine the resistance mechanisms of Thrips palmi against spinosad, we cloned partial nucleotide sequences of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α6 subunit (TPα6) gene from susceptible (OK) and resistant (TS1 and TS5) strains and compared the deduced amino acid sequences among the three strains. The OK, TS1, and TS5 strains respectively showed LC50 values of 3.4mg/L, 2838.5mg/L, and 6655.5mg/L. The deduced amino acid sequence of TPα6 gene showed 96% identity with that of Frankliniella occidentalis. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of TPα6 gene among the three strains showed that the TS1 and TS5 strains had a resistant amino acid, Glu, at amino acid position 275. On the other hand, a susceptible amino acid, Gly, was encoded at the corresponding amino acid position for the OK strain. The synergist, piperonyl butoxide, respectively caused 1.1-fold, 5.8-fold, and 9.0-fold decreases in the resistance ratios of the OK, TS1, and TS5 strains. These results suggest that spinosad resistance of T. palmi is conferred by reduced sensitivity of TPα6 and cytochrome P450-mediated detoxification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalPesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Volume112
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • CYP450
  • Insecticide resistance
  • NAChR α6 subunit
  • Target insensitivity
  • Thysanoptera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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