Sperm Selection by a Climbing-over-a-Wall IVF Method Reduces the Incidence of Polyspermic Penetration of Porcine Oocytes

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Abstract

Effect of sperm selection according to the degree of motility after insemination on in-vitro penetration was examined by using a new in-vitro fertilization system designated as a climbing-overa-wall (COW) IVF method. When the sperm penetration rate in the COW-IVF method was compared with a standard method at the same sperm concentration (5 X 10s cells/ml), the rates (95.1 ±1.9 and 98.2 ±1.0%, respectively) were similar, but the incidence of monospermic penetration was higher in the COW-IVF (25.5 ±4.5%) than the standard method (10.4 ±2.5%). When sperm concentration was changed from 0.5 × 105 to 10 × 105 cells/ml in the COW-IVF method, sperm penetration rate was higher at a higher concentration, whereas monospermic penetration rate was increased at a lower concentration. The proportion of monospermic oocytes in matured oocytes was similar among sperm concentrations, 0.5 × 105 to 5 × 105 cells/ml, at fertilization in the COW method. These results demonstrate that the COW-IVF method, selection according to the degree of sperm motility after insemination, can increase the normal penetration of frozen-thawed boar spermatozoa into IVM oocytes without any reduction in the sperm penetration rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Development
Volume46
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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oocytes
spermatozoa
incidence
swine
sperm concentration
insemination
methodology
in vitro fertilization
cells
selection methods
fertilization (reproduction)
sperm motility
boars

Keywords

  • Caffeine
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Polyspermy
  • Porcine oocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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title = "Sperm Selection by a Climbing-over-a-Wall IVF Method Reduces the Incidence of Polyspermic Penetration of Porcine Oocytes",
abstract = "Effect of sperm selection according to the degree of motility after insemination on in-vitro penetration was examined by using a new in-vitro fertilization system designated as a climbing-overa-wall (COW) IVF method. When the sperm penetration rate in the COW-IVF method was compared with a standard method at the same sperm concentration (5 X 10s cells/ml), the rates (95.1 ±1.9 and 98.2 ±1.0{\%}, respectively) were similar, but the incidence of monospermic penetration was higher in the COW-IVF (25.5 ±4.5{\%}) than the standard method (10.4 ±2.5{\%}). When sperm concentration was changed from 0.5 × 105 to 10 × 105 cells/ml in the COW-IVF method, sperm penetration rate was higher at a higher concentration, whereas monospermic penetration rate was increased at a lower concentration. The proportion of monospermic oocytes in matured oocytes was similar among sperm concentrations, 0.5 × 105 to 5 × 105 cells/ml, at fertilization in the COW method. These results demonstrate that the COW-IVF method, selection according to the degree of sperm motility after insemination, can increase the normal penetration of frozen-thawed boar spermatozoa into IVM oocytes without any reduction in the sperm penetration rate.",
keywords = "Caffeine, In vitro fertilization, Polyspermy, Porcine oocytes",
author = "Hiroaki Funahashi",
year = "2000",
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pages = "319--324",
journal = "Journal of Reproduction and Development",
issn = "0916-8818",
publisher = "Japanese Society of Animal Reproduction (JSAR)",
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T1 - Sperm Selection by a Climbing-over-a-Wall IVF Method Reduces the Incidence of Polyspermic Penetration of Porcine Oocytes

AU - Funahashi, Hiroaki

PY - 2000

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N2 - Effect of sperm selection according to the degree of motility after insemination on in-vitro penetration was examined by using a new in-vitro fertilization system designated as a climbing-overa-wall (COW) IVF method. When the sperm penetration rate in the COW-IVF method was compared with a standard method at the same sperm concentration (5 X 10s cells/ml), the rates (95.1 ±1.9 and 98.2 ±1.0%, respectively) were similar, but the incidence of monospermic penetration was higher in the COW-IVF (25.5 ±4.5%) than the standard method (10.4 ±2.5%). When sperm concentration was changed from 0.5 × 105 to 10 × 105 cells/ml in the COW-IVF method, sperm penetration rate was higher at a higher concentration, whereas monospermic penetration rate was increased at a lower concentration. The proportion of monospermic oocytes in matured oocytes was similar among sperm concentrations, 0.5 × 105 to 5 × 105 cells/ml, at fertilization in the COW method. These results demonstrate that the COW-IVF method, selection according to the degree of sperm motility after insemination, can increase the normal penetration of frozen-thawed boar spermatozoa into IVM oocytes without any reduction in the sperm penetration rate.

AB - Effect of sperm selection according to the degree of motility after insemination on in-vitro penetration was examined by using a new in-vitro fertilization system designated as a climbing-overa-wall (COW) IVF method. When the sperm penetration rate in the COW-IVF method was compared with a standard method at the same sperm concentration (5 X 10s cells/ml), the rates (95.1 ±1.9 and 98.2 ±1.0%, respectively) were similar, but the incidence of monospermic penetration was higher in the COW-IVF (25.5 ±4.5%) than the standard method (10.4 ±2.5%). When sperm concentration was changed from 0.5 × 105 to 10 × 105 cells/ml in the COW-IVF method, sperm penetration rate was higher at a higher concentration, whereas monospermic penetration rate was increased at a lower concentration. The proportion of monospermic oocytes in matured oocytes was similar among sperm concentrations, 0.5 × 105 to 5 × 105 cells/ml, at fertilization in the COW method. These results demonstrate that the COW-IVF method, selection according to the degree of sperm motility after insemination, can increase the normal penetration of frozen-thawed boar spermatozoa into IVM oocytes without any reduction in the sperm penetration rate.

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KW - Porcine oocytes

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