Vibrio vulnificus strain L-180, a clinical isolate, can obtain iron from a synthetic heme, iron-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (Fe-TPPS), as well as from a natural heme, protoheme. This assimilation of iron bound to TPPS was demonstrated to be a common property of V. vulnificus by testing a total of 27 strains isolated from both clinical and environmental sources. Strain L-180 could also utilize Fe-TCPP, but not Fe-TMPyP, as a sole iron source. TPPS or its complex with a metal ion reduced bacterial multiplication in the broth containing a minimum dose of Fe-TPPS. When inoculated into human serum supplemented with Fe-TCPP, L-180 could grow only in the presence of a protease from the same bacterium. In both TPPS and TCPP, each side chain of a porphyrin ring has a negative charge. Therefore, this negative charge may be important for interaction with an outer membrane receptor involving in a heme-assimilating system of V. vulnificus.
- Iron assimilation
- Vibrio vulnificus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology