An immortal human chondrocytic cell line (HCS-2/8) derived from a chondrosarcoma was used as a source of human antigens to find humoral antibodies to cell surface proteins of human chondrocytes in sera from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Membrane fractions prepared from the cell line were subjected to Western blot analysis using RA and normal sera as probes. RA sera recognized about a dozen bands, but three of these bands, with molecular weights of 105 kDa, 68 kDa, and 47 kDa, were found to be specific for the RA sera (P < 0.05). These bands disappeared following V8 protease digestion, indicating that they were proteins. Among patients with 4 years or more of RA disease activity, reactivity against 105-kDa and 68-kDa proteins was relatively high in those whose joints showed a high degree of erosion. We suspect that levels of these two antibodies are suggestive of changes associated with the natural course of RA.
- Established cell line
- Human chondrocyte
- Rheumatoid arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine