Species identification of blood and bloodstains by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using anti-human immunoglobulin kappa light chain monoclonal antibody

Yuji Yamamoto, Akira Tsutsumi, Hideo Ishizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of experiments was conducted to establish a species identification method by means of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using monoclonal antibody with high specificity, the result of which is reported. The limit of human IgG detection by inhibition ELISA using mouse anti-human immunoglobulin kappa light chain (Ig x) monoclonal antibody is 0.01 μg. Using this method it was possible to detect human Ig x from bloodstains in dilutions up to 1: 100 000 (dilution multiple of bloodstain extract to the original amount of blood). Human Ig x was detectable in human bloodstains in dilutions up to 1:50 000 one year after stain preparation and in dilutions up to 1:10 000 4 years after stain preparation, showing that this method is applicable to species identification of old bloodstains. When primates other than human were studied for specificity, red-chested tamarin and Japanese monkey showed no cross reaction at all. Cross reaction was noted with a chimpanzee, but experimentally it could be differentiated from human. Furthermore, no cross reaction was noted with respect to blood samples from non-primates (guinea pig, sheep, horse, dog and cat).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-95
Number of pages11
JournalForensic Science International
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1989
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blood
  • ELISA
  • Monoclonal anti-human immunoglobulin kappa light chain
  • Species identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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