Space science outreach - are we decreasing public understanding?

Isabelle Kingsley, Carol Oliver, Martin Van Kranendonk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

What evidence is there that any public communication of space science is effective? In 2001, Sless and Shrensky pointed out that the evidence of the effectiveness of science communication in general is about as “… strong as the evidence linking rainmaking ceremonies to the occurrence of rain” [1]. In 2017, very little has changed in effectively measuring the success of intended outcomes of Education and Public Outreach and outreach activities in space science-or in any other area of science. There still have been few attempts to formally measure the success of public engagement activities-such as public talks, science cafes, interactive events and festivals-against clear indicators of success. The focus of this research is to measure the effectiveness of science education and outreach activities in achieving their objectives; that is, changing or influencing participants' understanding, attitudes and perceptions of science. We report on a pilot study of four education and outreach activities held at a large museum in a major Australian capital city. Pre and post questionnaires containing validated Likert-scale items were used to measure participants' trust in science and scientists, their understanding of scientific practice, and their opinions on its relevance and value to society. A total of 46 pre and post surveys were matched-37 of the 46 data sets were from space science events. The results show that after the event, participants demonstrated more positive attitudes and an increase in trust, but a decrease in understanding of scientific practice. These results suggest that the way we are communicating space science is misleading the public's perception of science as absolute, instead of the tentative and evolving endeavour that it actually is. We argue that we need to change the way we communicate space science by focussing more on revealing how science is practiced. We need to be more open about the way conclusions are reached to increase the public's understanding of scientific practice. We also argue that increasing the public's understanding of scientific practice is key to understanding science itself and to increasing trust in science and scientists. The results of this pilot study also point to the need for the development of new instruments that are more sensitive in assessing the public's understanding of scientific practice and the impact of space science outreach and education efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication68th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2017
Subtitle of host publicationUnlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security
PublisherInternational Astronautical Federation, IAF
Pages11299-11310
Number of pages12
Volume17
ISBN (Print)9781510855373
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event68th International Astronautical Congress: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security, IAC 2017 - Adelaide, Australia
Duration: Sep 25 2017Sep 29 2017

Other

Other68th International Astronautical Congress: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security, IAC 2017
CountryAustralia
CityAdelaide
Period9/25/179/29/17

Fingerprint

aerospace sciences
Education
education
Communication
Museums
Rain
rainmaking
communication
public
science
museums
communicating
rain
festival
capital city
occurrences

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Attitudes to science
  • Education
  • Nature of science
  • Outreach
  • Space
  • Trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kingsley, I., Oliver, C., & Van Kranendonk, M. (2017). Space science outreach - are we decreasing public understanding? In 68th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2017: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security (Vol. 17, pp. 11299-11310). International Astronautical Federation, IAF.

Space science outreach - are we decreasing public understanding? / Kingsley, Isabelle; Oliver, Carol; Van Kranendonk, Martin.

68th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2017: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security. Vol. 17 International Astronautical Federation, IAF, 2017. p. 11299-11310.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kingsley, I, Oliver, C & Van Kranendonk, M 2017, Space science outreach - are we decreasing public understanding? in 68th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2017: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security. vol. 17, International Astronautical Federation, IAF, pp. 11299-11310, 68th International Astronautical Congress: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security, IAC 2017, Adelaide, Australia, 9/25/17.
Kingsley I, Oliver C, Van Kranendonk M. Space science outreach - are we decreasing public understanding? In 68th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2017: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security. Vol. 17. International Astronautical Federation, IAF. 2017. p. 11299-11310
Kingsley, Isabelle ; Oliver, Carol ; Van Kranendonk, Martin. / Space science outreach - are we decreasing public understanding?. 68th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2017: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security. Vol. 17 International Astronautical Federation, IAF, 2017. pp. 11299-11310
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