Sound velocity measurements of CaSiO 3 perovskite to 133GPa and implications for lowermost mantle seismic anomalies

Yuki Kudo, Kei Hirose, Motohiko Murakami, Yuki Asahara, Haruka Ozawa, Yasuo Ohishi, Naohisa Hirao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We report the measurements of aggregate shear velocity (V S) of CaSiO 3 perovskite (CaPv) at high pressure (P) between 32 and 133GPa and room temperature (T) on the basis of Brillouin spectroscopy. The sample had a tetragonal perovskite structure throughout the experiments. The measured P-V S data show the shear modulus and its pressure derivative at ambient condition to be G 0=115.8GPa and G'=1.20, respectively. The zero-pressure shear velocity is determined to be V S0=5.23km/s, in good agreement with the previous estimate inferred from the ultrasonic measurements on Ca(Si,Ti)O 3 perovskite at 1bar. Our experimental results are broadly consistent with the earlier calculations on tetragonal CaPv but exhibit lower velocity at equivalent pressure. Such tetragonal CaPv is present in cold subducting slabs and possibly in wide areas of the lowermost mantle. While primitive mantle includes certain amount of CaPv, a depleted peridotite (former harzburgite) layer in subducted oceanic lithosphere is deficient in CaPv and enriched in ferropericlase in the lower mantle. Such harzburgite exhibits 0.9% faster V S and 0.7% slower bulk sound velocity (V Φ) at the lowermost mantle P-T conditions if CaPv is present in the tetragonal form in the surrounding mantle. The observed fast V S and slow V Φ anomalies in the D" layer underneath the circum-Pacific region might be attributed in large part in the presence of subducted harzburgitic materials.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-7
    Number of pages7
    JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
    Volume349-350
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2012

    Keywords

    • Brillouin spectroscopy
    • CaSiO perovskite
    • Harzburgite
    • Lower mantle
    • Shear velocity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geophysics
    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science

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