Sound velocities of δ-AlOOH up to core-mantle boundary pressures with implications for the seismic anomalies in the deep mantle

Izumi Mashino, Motohiko Murakami, Eiji Ohtani

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38 Citations (Scopus)


Recent studies show that δ-AlOOH is stable up to the base of the mantle. This phase is, therefore, a possible carrier and host of water in the deep mantle. To uncover the physical properties of δ-AlOOH under deep mantle pressure conditions, we have conducted high-pressure acoustic wave velocity measurements of δ-AlOOH by using Brillouin spectroscopy combined with high-pressure Raman spectroscopic measurements in a diamond anvil cell up to pressures of 134 GPa. There is a precipitous increase by ∼14% in the acoustic velocities of δ-AlOOH from 6 to 15 GPa, which suggests that pressure-induced O-H bond symmetrization occurs in this pressure range. The best fit values for the high-pressure form of δ-AlOOH of K0 = 190 (2) (GPa), G0 = 160.0 (9) (GPa), (∂K/∂P)0 = K0′ = 3.7 (1), and (∂G/∂P)0 = G0′ = 1.32 (1) indicate that δ-AlOOH has a 20-30% higher VS value compared to those of the major constituent minerals in the mantle transition zone, such as wadsleyite, ringwoodite, and majorite. On the other hand, the VS of δ-AlOOH is ∼7% lower than that of Mg-bridgmanite under lowermost mantle pressure conditions because of the significantly lower value of the pressure derivative of the shear modulus. By comparing our results with seismic observations, we can infer that δ-AlOOH could be one of the potential causes of a positive VS anomaly observed at ∼600 km depth beneath the Korean peninsula and a negative VS jump near 2800 km depth near the northern margin of the large low-shear-velocity province beneath the Pacific.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-609
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Brillouin spectroscopy
  • high pressure
  • sound velocity
  • subducting slab
  • δ-AlOOH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


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