Sophisticated rGO synthesis and pre-lithiation unlocking full-cell lithium-ion battery high-rate performances

Benoît Denis Louis Campéon, Yumi Yoshikawa, Takashi Teranishi, Yuta Nishina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

For the application to portable devices and storage of renewable energies, high-performance lithium-ion batteries are in great demand. To this end, the development of high-performance electrode materials has been actively investigated. However, even if new materials exhibit high performance in a simple evaluation, namely half-cell tests, it is often impossible to obtain satisfactory performance with an actual battery (full cell). In this study, the structure of graphene analogs is modified in various ways to change crystallinity, disorder, oxygen content, electrical conductivity, and specific surface area. These graphene analogs are evaluated as negative electrodes for lithium-ion batteries, and we found reduced graphene oxide prepared by combination of chemical reduction and thermal treatment was the optimum. In addition, a full cell is fabricated by combining it with LiCoO2 modified with BaTiO3, which is applicable to high-speed charge–discharge cathode material developed in our previous research. In general, pre-lithiation is performed for the anode when assembling full cells. In this study, we optimized a "direct pre-lithiation" method in which the electrode and lithium foil were in direct contact before assembling a full cell, and created a lithium-ion battery with an output of 293 Wh kg−1 at 8,658 W kg−1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137257
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume363
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 10 2020

Keywords

  • Full-cell
  • Graphene
  • High-rate
  • LiCoO
  • Lithium-ion battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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