Solvation and dissociation in weakly ionized polyelectrolytes

Akira Onuki, Ryuichi Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a Ginzburg-Landau theory of inhomogeneous polyelectrolytes with a polar solvent. First, we take into account the molecular (solvation) interaction among the ions, the charged monomers, the uncharged monomers, and the solvent molecules, together with the electrostatic interaction with a composition-dependent dielectric constant. Second, we treat the degree of ionization as a fluctuating variable dependent on the local electric potential. With these two ingredients included, our results are as follows. (i) We derive a mass reaction law and a general expression for the surface tension. (ii) We calculate the structure factor of the composition fluctuations as a function of various parameters of the molecular interactions, which provides a general criterion of the formation of mesophases. (iii) We numerically examine some typical examples of interfaces and mesophase structures, which strongly depend on the molecular interaction parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3988-3996
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume113
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 26 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Molecular interactions
Solvation
molecular interactions
Polyelectrolytes
solvation
monomers
Monomers
dissociation
dependent variables
Surface Tension
Coulomb interactions
Static Electricity
Chemical analysis
ingredients
Ionization
Surface tension
interfacial tension
Permittivity
interactions
Ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Solvation and dissociation in weakly ionized polyelectrolytes. / Onuki, Akira; Okamoto, Ryuichi.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 113, No. 12, 26.03.2009, p. 3988-3996.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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