Silicosis patients (SILs) possess not only respiratory disorders but also alterations in autoimmunity. To determine an early indicator of immunological disturbance in SILs, the role of serum-soluble interleukin (IL)-2 receptor (sIL-2R) was analyzed. Of ten SlLs, immunological clinical parameters such as immunoglobulin (Ig) G, complements, the titer of autoantibodies including anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-Scl-70 antibody (Ab) and anti-centromere (CM) Ab, and experimental indicators such as serum-soluble Fas, serum IL-2, CD25+ cells in CD4+ or CD8+ fractions, and sIL-2R were divided from respiratory parameters such as % vital capacity (%VC), percentage of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1.0%) and v25/Ht (liter/second/m(body height) by a correlation assay. Additionally, a stepwise regression test showed that sIL-2R was correlated with Ig G, ANA and anti-CM Ab. Furthermore, factor analysis revealed that sIL-2R contributed to the subpopulation of SILs with poorer immunological status in the absence of alterations in respiratory status. By defining healthy donors as 1, SILs as 2 and patients with systemic sclerosis as 3 for immunopathological progression status as metric variables, sIL2R and ANA showed a strong positive correlation. This suggests that sIL-2R is a good clinical indicator of immunological disturbance found in SILs without clinical manifestations of any disturbance in autoimmunity. Further analysis using a large-scale number of patients should be performed to confirm these findings.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2009|
- Autoimmune diseases
- Systemic sclerosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy