Solar neutrino data covering solar cycle 22

Y. Fukuda, T. Hayakawa, K. Inoue, K. Ishihara, Hirokazu Ishino, S. Joukou, T. Kajita, S. Kasuga, Yusuke Koshio, T. Kumita, K. Matsumoto, M. Nakahata, K. Nakamura, K. Okumura, A. Sakai, M. Shiozawa, J. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, T. Tomoeda, Y. TotsukaK. S. Hirata, K. Kihara, Y. Oyama, M. Koshiba, K. Nishijima, T. Horiuchi, K. Fujita, S. Hatakeyama, M. Koga, T. Maruyama, A. Suzuki, M. Mori, T. Kajimura, T. Suda, A. T. Suzuki, T. Ishizuka, K. Miyano, H. Okazawa, T. Hara, Y. Nagashima, M. Takita, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Hayato, K. Kaneyuki, T. Suzuki, Y. Takeuchi, T. Tanimori, S. Tasaka, E. Ichihara, S. Miyamoto, K. Nishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

767 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results from 1036 days of solar neutrino data accumulated in the upgraded Kamiokande detector (Katniokande III) are presented. The 8B solar neutrino flux observed in Kamiokande III is 2.82-0.24 +0.25 (stat) ± 0.27 (syst) × 106cm-2s-1 the combined flux from Kamiokande II and III (2079 days in total) is 2.80 ± 0.19 (stat) ± 0.33 (syst) × 106 cm-2s-1, which is 49% to 64% of the standard solar models. These combined data from January 1987 to February 1995, covering an entire period of solar cycle 22, enabled us to study a correlation between the neutrino flux and the solar activity in detail: no strong correlation of the solar neutrino flux with the sunspot numbers was found within experimental errors. The result on a search for the daytime and nighttime flux difference is also reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1683-1686
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume77
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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solar neutrinos
solar cycles
coverings
daytime
sunspots
solar activity
neutrinos
detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Fukuda, Y., Hayakawa, T., Inoue, K., Ishihara, K., Ishino, H., Joukou, S., ... Nishikawa, K. (1996). Solar neutrino data covering solar cycle 22. Physical Review Letters, 77(9), 1683-1686.

Solar neutrino data covering solar cycle 22. / Fukuda, Y.; Hayakawa, T.; Inoue, K.; Ishihara, K.; Ishino, Hirokazu; Joukou, S.; Kajita, T.; Kasuga, S.; Koshio, Yusuke; Kumita, T.; Matsumoto, K.; Nakahata, M.; Nakamura, K.; Okumura, K.; Sakai, A.; Shiozawa, M.; Suzuki, J.; Suzuki, Y.; Tomoeda, T.; Totsuka, Y.; Hirata, K. S.; Kihara, K.; Oyama, Y.; Koshiba, M.; Nishijima, K.; Horiuchi, T.; Fujita, K.; Hatakeyama, S.; Koga, M.; Maruyama, T.; Suzuki, A.; Mori, M.; Kajimura, T.; Suda, T.; Suzuki, A. T.; Ishizuka, T.; Miyano, K.; Okazawa, H.; Hara, T.; Nagashima, Y.; Takita, M.; Yamaguchi, T.; Hayato, Y.; Kaneyuki, K.; Suzuki, T.; Takeuchi, Y.; Tanimori, T.; Tasaka, S.; Ichihara, E.; Miyamoto, S.; Nishikawa, K.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, No. 9, 1996, p. 1683-1686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fukuda, Y, Hayakawa, T, Inoue, K, Ishihara, K, Ishino, H, Joukou, S, Kajita, T, Kasuga, S, Koshio, Y, Kumita, T, Matsumoto, K, Nakahata, M, Nakamura, K, Okumura, K, Sakai, A, Shiozawa, M, Suzuki, J, Suzuki, Y, Tomoeda, T, Totsuka, Y, Hirata, KS, Kihara, K, Oyama, Y, Koshiba, M, Nishijima, K, Horiuchi, T, Fujita, K, Hatakeyama, S, Koga, M, Maruyama, T, Suzuki, A, Mori, M, Kajimura, T, Suda, T, Suzuki, AT, Ishizuka, T, Miyano, K, Okazawa, H, Hara, T, Nagashima, Y, Takita, M, Yamaguchi, T, Hayato, Y, Kaneyuki, K, Suzuki, T, Takeuchi, Y, Tanimori, T, Tasaka, S, Ichihara, E, Miyamoto, S & Nishikawa, K 1996, 'Solar neutrino data covering solar cycle 22', Physical Review Letters, vol. 77, no. 9, pp. 1683-1686.
Fukuda Y, Hayakawa T, Inoue K, Ishihara K, Ishino H, Joukou S et al. Solar neutrino data covering solar cycle 22. Physical Review Letters. 1996;77(9):1683-1686.
Fukuda, Y. ; Hayakawa, T. ; Inoue, K. ; Ishihara, K. ; Ishino, Hirokazu ; Joukou, S. ; Kajita, T. ; Kasuga, S. ; Koshio, Yusuke ; Kumita, T. ; Matsumoto, K. ; Nakahata, M. ; Nakamura, K. ; Okumura, K. ; Sakai, A. ; Shiozawa, M. ; Suzuki, J. ; Suzuki, Y. ; Tomoeda, T. ; Totsuka, Y. ; Hirata, K. S. ; Kihara, K. ; Oyama, Y. ; Koshiba, M. ; Nishijima, K. ; Horiuchi, T. ; Fujita, K. ; Hatakeyama, S. ; Koga, M. ; Maruyama, T. ; Suzuki, A. ; Mori, M. ; Kajimura, T. ; Suda, T. ; Suzuki, A. T. ; Ishizuka, T. ; Miyano, K. ; Okazawa, H. ; Hara, T. ; Nagashima, Y. ; Takita, M. ; Yamaguchi, T. ; Hayato, Y. ; Kaneyuki, K. ; Suzuki, T. ; Takeuchi, Y. ; Tanimori, T. ; Tasaka, S. ; Ichihara, E. ; Miyamoto, S. ; Nishikawa, K. / Solar neutrino data covering solar cycle 22. In: Physical Review Letters. 1996 ; Vol. 77, No. 9. pp. 1683-1686.
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title = "Solar neutrino data covering solar cycle 22",
abstract = "Results from 1036 days of solar neutrino data accumulated in the upgraded Kamiokande detector (Katniokande III) are presented. The 8B solar neutrino flux observed in Kamiokande III is 2.82-0.24 +0.25 (stat) ± 0.27 (syst) × 106cm-2s-1 the combined flux from Kamiokande II and III (2079 days in total) is 2.80 ± 0.19 (stat) ± 0.33 (syst) × 106 cm-2s-1, which is 49{\%} to 64{\%} of the standard solar models. These combined data from January 1987 to February 1995, covering an entire period of solar cycle 22, enabled us to study a correlation between the neutrino flux and the solar activity in detail: no strong correlation of the solar neutrino flux with the sunspot numbers was found within experimental errors. The result on a search for the daytime and nighttime flux difference is also reported.",
author = "Y. Fukuda and T. Hayakawa and K. Inoue and K. Ishihara and Hirokazu Ishino and S. Joukou and T. Kajita and S. Kasuga and Yusuke Koshio and T. Kumita and K. Matsumoto and M. Nakahata and K. Nakamura and K. Okumura and A. Sakai and M. Shiozawa and J. Suzuki and Y. Suzuki and T. Tomoeda and Y. Totsuka and Hirata, {K. S.} and K. Kihara and Y. Oyama and M. Koshiba and K. Nishijima and T. Horiuchi and K. Fujita and S. Hatakeyama and M. Koga and T. Maruyama and A. Suzuki and M. Mori and T. Kajimura and T. Suda and Suzuki, {A. T.} and T. Ishizuka and K. Miyano and H. Okazawa and T. Hara and Y. Nagashima and M. Takita and T. Yamaguchi and Y. Hayato and K. Kaneyuki and T. Suzuki and Y. Takeuchi and T. Tanimori and S. Tasaka and E. Ichihara and S. Miyamoto and K. Nishikawa",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Solar neutrino data covering solar cycle 22

AU - Fukuda, Y.

AU - Hayakawa, T.

AU - Inoue, K.

AU - Ishihara, K.

AU - Ishino, Hirokazu

AU - Joukou, S.

AU - Kajita, T.

AU - Kasuga, S.

AU - Koshio, Yusuke

AU - Kumita, T.

AU - Matsumoto, K.

AU - Nakahata, M.

AU - Nakamura, K.

AU - Okumura, K.

AU - Sakai, A.

AU - Shiozawa, M.

AU - Suzuki, J.

AU - Suzuki, Y.

AU - Tomoeda, T.

AU - Totsuka, Y.

AU - Hirata, K. S.

AU - Kihara, K.

AU - Oyama, Y.

AU - Koshiba, M.

AU - Nishijima, K.

AU - Horiuchi, T.

AU - Fujita, K.

AU - Hatakeyama, S.

AU - Koga, M.

AU - Maruyama, T.

AU - Suzuki, A.

AU - Mori, M.

AU - Kajimura, T.

AU - Suda, T.

AU - Suzuki, A. T.

AU - Ishizuka, T.

AU - Miyano, K.

AU - Okazawa, H.

AU - Hara, T.

AU - Nagashima, Y.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Yamaguchi, T.

AU - Hayato, Y.

AU - Kaneyuki, K.

AU - Suzuki, T.

AU - Takeuchi, Y.

AU - Tanimori, T.

AU - Tasaka, S.

AU - Ichihara, E.

AU - Miyamoto, S.

AU - Nishikawa, K.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Results from 1036 days of solar neutrino data accumulated in the upgraded Kamiokande detector (Katniokande III) are presented. The 8B solar neutrino flux observed in Kamiokande III is 2.82-0.24 +0.25 (stat) ± 0.27 (syst) × 106cm-2s-1 the combined flux from Kamiokande II and III (2079 days in total) is 2.80 ± 0.19 (stat) ± 0.33 (syst) × 106 cm-2s-1, which is 49% to 64% of the standard solar models. These combined data from January 1987 to February 1995, covering an entire period of solar cycle 22, enabled us to study a correlation between the neutrino flux and the solar activity in detail: no strong correlation of the solar neutrino flux with the sunspot numbers was found within experimental errors. The result on a search for the daytime and nighttime flux difference is also reported.

AB - Results from 1036 days of solar neutrino data accumulated in the upgraded Kamiokande detector (Katniokande III) are presented. The 8B solar neutrino flux observed in Kamiokande III is 2.82-0.24 +0.25 (stat) ± 0.27 (syst) × 106cm-2s-1 the combined flux from Kamiokande II and III (2079 days in total) is 2.80 ± 0.19 (stat) ± 0.33 (syst) × 106 cm-2s-1, which is 49% to 64% of the standard solar models. These combined data from January 1987 to February 1995, covering an entire period of solar cycle 22, enabled us to study a correlation between the neutrino flux and the solar activity in detail: no strong correlation of the solar neutrino flux with the sunspot numbers was found within experimental errors. The result on a search for the daytime and nighttime flux difference is also reported.

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M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:4243712166

VL - 77

SP - 1683

EP - 1686

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 9

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