Social problems in daily life of patients with dementia

Seishi Terada, Makoto Nakashima, Yosuke Wakutani, Kenji Nakata, Yumiko Kutoku, Yoshihide Sunada, Keiko Kondo, Hideki Ishizu, Osamu Yokota, Yohko Maki, Hideyuki Hattori, Norihito Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: Most patients with dementia frequently encounter various problems in their daily lives. Those troubles embarrass both the patients and their families, and cause problems for society. However, there have been few scientific reports on the difficulties in the daily life of patients with dementia. Therefore, we tried to clarify the frequency and characteristics of troubles experienced by patients with dementia. Methods: Seven medical centers treating dementia patients in Okayama Prefecture, Japan, participated in this survey. A total of 737 patients were placed in one of the three groups: a dementia group (n = 478), a mild cognitive impairment group (n = 199) and a control group (n = 60). The frequency of 13 difficulties was scored for each patient. Results: Among normal participants, no person caused these problems once a year or more frequently. “Massive, recurrent buying” and “acts that risk causing a fire” were reported once a year or more for >10% of mild cognitive impairment patients. “Troubles with wealth management” and “troubles with money management” were the most frequent problems of dementia patients. Conclusions: Several problems are already sometimes encountered in patients with mild cognitive impairment. It would be useful to know which social difficulties are often seen in dementia patients in order to protect the safety of the patients. It is always difficult to balance respecting the autonomy of dementia patients and ensuring their safely. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019; 19: 113–118.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-118
Number of pages6
JournalGeriatrics and Gerontology International
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • daily life
  • dementia
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • sex
  • trouble

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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