SmNd garnet ages from the Uluguru granulite complex of Eastern Tanzania: further evidence for post-metamorphic slow cooling in the Mozambique belt

M. A.H. Maboko, E. Nakamura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Two samples from the Uluguru granulite complex yield garnet SmNd ages of 633 ± 7 and 618 ± 16 Ma, similar to previously published hornblende 40Ar39Ar and KAr ages. The similarity of the SmNd to the KAr age suggests that the closure temperature of garnet to Nd diffusion is similar to that of hornblende to Ar diffusion. Assuming that published zircon UPb ages of about 700 Ma date peak granulite-facies metamorphism, a mean post-metamorphic cooling rate of 2-3°C/Ma can be calculated for the time interval 700 to 630 Ma. Such slow cooling rates imply thermal relaxation with a thickness length-scale greater than the thickness of average continental crust. This, in turn, implies that the thermal perturbation responsible for metamorphism was preceded by regional crustal thickening probably in a collisional orogen.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)195-202
    Number of pages8
    JournalPrecambrian Research
    Volume74
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1995

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geology
    • Geochemistry and Petrology

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