Smart charger for electric vehicles with power quality compensator on single-phase three-wire distribution feeders

Toshihiko Tanaka, Tsukasa Sekiya, Hidenori Tanaka, Eiji Hiraki, Masayuki Okamoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a smart charger for electric vehicles (EVs) with a power quality compensator. The proposed smart charger consists of four-leg IGBTs. Three legs are used for a single-phase full-bridge-based PWM rectifier, which converts power from ac to dc during the battery-charging operation, or from dc to ac during the battery-discharging operation. This PWM rectifier can compensate reactive and unbalanced active currents on single-phase three-wire distribution systems because the third leg is connected to the neutral line of single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. The fourth leg is used as a bidirectional dc-dc converter for battery-charging and discharging operations. The three-leg PWM rectifier uses only constant dc-capacitor voltage control, which is commonly used in active power line conditioners. Thus, the authors have developed the simplest possible control method for a single-phase power quality compensator. The basic principle of the proposed smart charger is discussed in detail, and then confirmed by digital computer simulation using PSIM software. A prototype experimental model is constructed and tested. Experimental results demonstrate that balanced source currents are obtained on the secondary side of the pole-mounted distribution transformer for battery-charging and discharging operations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012
Pages3075-3081
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event4th Annual IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012 - Raleigh, NC, United States
Duration: Sep 15 2012Sep 20 2012

Other

Other4th Annual IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012
CountryUnited States
CityRaleigh, NC
Period9/15/129/20/12

Fingerprint

Charging (batteries)
Power quality
Electric vehicles
Pulse width modulation
Wire
Insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBT)
Digital computers
Voltage control
Poles
Capacitors
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • bidirectional dc-dc converter
  • constant dc-capacitor voltage control
  • single-phase d-q transformation
  • single-phase PLL circuit
  • single-phase three-wire distribution system
  • smart charger
  • three-leg inverter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Tanaka, T., Sekiya, T., Tanaka, H., Hiraki, E., & Okamoto, M. (2012). Smart charger for electric vehicles with power quality compensator on single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. In 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012 (pp. 3075-3081). [6342512] https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2012.6342512

Smart charger for electric vehicles with power quality compensator on single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. / Tanaka, Toshihiko; Sekiya, Tsukasa; Tanaka, Hidenori; Hiraki, Eiji; Okamoto, Masayuki.

2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012. 2012. p. 3075-3081 6342512.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tanaka, T, Sekiya, T, Tanaka, H, Hiraki, E & Okamoto, M 2012, Smart charger for electric vehicles with power quality compensator on single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. in 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012., 6342512, pp. 3075-3081, 4th Annual IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012, Raleigh, NC, United States, 9/15/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2012.6342512
Tanaka T, Sekiya T, Tanaka H, Hiraki E, Okamoto M. Smart charger for electric vehicles with power quality compensator on single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. In 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012. 2012. p. 3075-3081. 6342512 https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2012.6342512
Tanaka, Toshihiko ; Sekiya, Tsukasa ; Tanaka, Hidenori ; Hiraki, Eiji ; Okamoto, Masayuki. / Smart charger for electric vehicles with power quality compensator on single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012. 2012. pp. 3075-3081
@inproceedings{3d8acc554dae47f1896720bd17ecc940,
title = "Smart charger for electric vehicles with power quality compensator on single-phase three-wire distribution feeders",
abstract = "In this paper, we propose a smart charger for electric vehicles (EVs) with a power quality compensator. The proposed smart charger consists of four-leg IGBTs. Three legs are used for a single-phase full-bridge-based PWM rectifier, which converts power from ac to dc during the battery-charging operation, or from dc to ac during the battery-discharging operation. This PWM rectifier can compensate reactive and unbalanced active currents on single-phase three-wire distribution systems because the third leg is connected to the neutral line of single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. The fourth leg is used as a bidirectional dc-dc converter for battery-charging and discharging operations. The three-leg PWM rectifier uses only constant dc-capacitor voltage control, which is commonly used in active power line conditioners. Thus, the authors have developed the simplest possible control method for a single-phase power quality compensator. The basic principle of the proposed smart charger is discussed in detail, and then confirmed by digital computer simulation using PSIM software. A prototype experimental model is constructed and tested. Experimental results demonstrate that balanced source currents are obtained on the secondary side of the pole-mounted distribution transformer for battery-charging and discharging operations.",
keywords = "bidirectional dc-dc converter, constant dc-capacitor voltage control, single-phase d-q transformation, single-phase PLL circuit, single-phase three-wire distribution system, smart charger, three-leg inverter",
author = "Toshihiko Tanaka and Tsukasa Sekiya and Hidenori Tanaka and Eiji Hiraki and Masayuki Okamoto",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1109/ECCE.2012.6342512",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781467308014",
pages = "3075--3081",
booktitle = "2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Smart charger for electric vehicles with power quality compensator on single-phase three-wire distribution feeders

AU - Tanaka, Toshihiko

AU - Sekiya, Tsukasa

AU - Tanaka, Hidenori

AU - Hiraki, Eiji

AU - Okamoto, Masayuki

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - In this paper, we propose a smart charger for electric vehicles (EVs) with a power quality compensator. The proposed smart charger consists of four-leg IGBTs. Three legs are used for a single-phase full-bridge-based PWM rectifier, which converts power from ac to dc during the battery-charging operation, or from dc to ac during the battery-discharging operation. This PWM rectifier can compensate reactive and unbalanced active currents on single-phase three-wire distribution systems because the third leg is connected to the neutral line of single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. The fourth leg is used as a bidirectional dc-dc converter for battery-charging and discharging operations. The three-leg PWM rectifier uses only constant dc-capacitor voltage control, which is commonly used in active power line conditioners. Thus, the authors have developed the simplest possible control method for a single-phase power quality compensator. The basic principle of the proposed smart charger is discussed in detail, and then confirmed by digital computer simulation using PSIM software. A prototype experimental model is constructed and tested. Experimental results demonstrate that balanced source currents are obtained on the secondary side of the pole-mounted distribution transformer for battery-charging and discharging operations.

AB - In this paper, we propose a smart charger for electric vehicles (EVs) with a power quality compensator. The proposed smart charger consists of four-leg IGBTs. Three legs are used for a single-phase full-bridge-based PWM rectifier, which converts power from ac to dc during the battery-charging operation, or from dc to ac during the battery-discharging operation. This PWM rectifier can compensate reactive and unbalanced active currents on single-phase three-wire distribution systems because the third leg is connected to the neutral line of single-phase three-wire distribution feeders. The fourth leg is used as a bidirectional dc-dc converter for battery-charging and discharging operations. The three-leg PWM rectifier uses only constant dc-capacitor voltage control, which is commonly used in active power line conditioners. Thus, the authors have developed the simplest possible control method for a single-phase power quality compensator. The basic principle of the proposed smart charger is discussed in detail, and then confirmed by digital computer simulation using PSIM software. A prototype experimental model is constructed and tested. Experimental results demonstrate that balanced source currents are obtained on the secondary side of the pole-mounted distribution transformer for battery-charging and discharging operations.

KW - bidirectional dc-dc converter

KW - constant dc-capacitor voltage control

KW - single-phase d-q transformation

KW - single-phase PLL circuit

KW - single-phase three-wire distribution system

KW - smart charger

KW - three-leg inverter

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84870914690&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84870914690&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/ECCE.2012.6342512

DO - 10.1109/ECCE.2012.6342512

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781467308014

SP - 3075

EP - 3081

BT - 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2012

ER -