Skeletal myosphere-derived progenitor cell transplantation promotes neovascularization in δ-sarcoglycan knockdown cardiomyopathy

Tetsuya Nomura, Eishi Ashihara, Kento Tateishi, Satoshi Asada, Tomomi Ueyama, Tomosaburo Takahashi, Hiroaki Matsubara, Hidemasa Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bone marrow cells have been shown to contribute to neovascularization in ischemic hearts, whereas their impaired maturation to restore the δ-sarcoglycan (δ-SG) expression responsible for focal myocardial degeneration limits their utility to treat the pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy. Here, we report the isolation of multipotent progenitor cells from adult skeletal muscle, based on their ability to generate floating-myospheres. Myosphere-derived progenitor cells (MDPCs) are distinguishable from myogenic C2C12 cells and differentiate into vascular smooth muscle cells and mesenchymal progeny. The mutation in the δ-SG has been shown to develop vascular spasm to affect sarcolemma structure causing cardiomyopathy. We originally generated δ-SD knockdown (KD) mice and transplanted MDPCs into the hearts. MDPCs enhanced neoangiogenesis and restored δ-SG expression in impaired vasculatures through trans-differentiation, leading to improvement of cardiac function associated with paracrine effectors secretion. We propose that MDPCs may be the promising progenitor cells in skeletal muscle to treat δ-sarcoglycan complex mutant cardiomyopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)668-674
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume352
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 19 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Mesenchymal cell
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Stem cells
  • δ-Sarcoglycan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Skeletal myosphere-derived progenitor cell transplantation promotes neovascularization in δ-sarcoglycan knockdown cardiomyopathy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this