The effect of ion species and fabrication temperature on the size of ion-induced carbon nanofibers (CNFs) grown on tips of scanning probe microscope cantilevers was investigated in detail. Similarly to that using Ar+ ions, the fabrication of CNF probes using Ne+ and Xe+ ions was possible. Xe+ sputtering yielded the shortest CNF probes owing to its large sputtering effect; however, a significant difference in the size of the CNF probes between Ne+ and Ar+ ion irradiation was not observed. The CNFs increased in length with fabrication temperature owing to the enhanced diffusion of C atoms at elevated temperatures; however, the CNF diameter remained almost constant independent of fabrication temperature. Therefore, the fabrication at elevated temperatures was effective for the rapid fabrication of practical CNF probes. Thus, the CNF probe size was controllable by adjusting the fabrication temperature and ion species.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)