Six-year follow-up assessment of prosthesis survival and oral health-related quality of life in individuals with partial edentulism treated with three types of prosthodontic rehabilitation

Yoko Kurosaki, Aya Kimura-Ono, Takuya Mino, Hikaru Arakawa, Eri Koyama, Shinsuke Nakagawa, Ha Thi Thu Nguyen, Suguru Osaka, Mamiko Saeki, Hajime Minakuchi, Mitsuaki Ono, Kenji Maekawa, Takuo Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the long-term performance of three prostheses for partial edentulism: implant-supported, fixed denture (IFD), fixed partial denture (FPD), and removable partial denture (RPD), in terms of prosthesis survival and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods: The 138 patients in our previous study (Kimura et al., 2012) received one of the three prosthetic treatments and answered a validated OHRQoL questionnaire before and immediately after treatment. In the present study, the patients were followed up six years after treatment using medical records and OHRQoL examinations to evaluate prosthesis survival and change in OHRQoL. The cumulative survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan–Meier analysis. The Steel–Dwass test was used to compare the median OHRQoL scores at the three time points. Results: For the 105 patients (66.8 ± 10.8 years, IFD/FPD/RPD: 58/27/20 patients) who successfully completed the follow-up assessments, the six-year estimated cumulative survival rates of the IFDs, FPDs, and RPDs were 94.7%, 77.4%, and 33.3%, respectively. The log-rank tests indicated that the survival curves were significantly different (IFDs vs. FPDs: p = 0.01; RPDs vs. IFDs, FPDs: p < 0.01). The median OHRQoL scores of the IFD group immediately after treatment and six years after treatment were significantly higher than those observed before treatment (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the median OHRQoL scores among the three time points in the RPD or FPD groups. Conclusions: IFDs showed significantly longer survival rates than FPDs and RPDs in partially edentulous patients. Only in the IFD patients was the OHRQoL level six years after treatment significantly higher than that before treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-339
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Oral health
  • Prosthodontics
  • Quality of life
  • Tooth loss
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

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