Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of CaIrO3

Masahiko Sugahara, Akira Yoshiasa, Akira Yoneda, Takafumi Hashimoto, Syunsuke Sakai, Maki Okube, Akihiko Nakatsuka, Osamu Ohtaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Single crystals of CaIrO3 were prepared via flux growth method. Crystal structure parameters, including the anisotropic displacement parameters, are determined based on a single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiment. The unit-cell dimensions are a = 3.147(2), b = 9.866(6), and c = 7.302(5) A. The structure is a three-dimensional dense structure with small vacant spaces. The CaIrO3 structure can be described as a pseudo-one-dimensional oxide and is compared with CaIrO6 Structure. The IrO6 octahedra are significantly distorted, in contrast to other octahedral Ir4+ compounds. The O-O distances for faces and edges shared between polyhedra are shorter than other non-shared edge distances. These effects are explained by Pauling's rules and occur to decrease the repulsion between the cations. Thermal vibrations of Ca and Ir atoms are significantly anisotropic. Thermal vibrations of Ca and Ir atoms are restricted in orientation toward the shared face, shared edges, and shortest cation-cation directions. The single-crystal experiment shows that CaIrO3 crystals grow fastest along the a axis and that they assume a prism or needle shape. Strongly preferred orientation of such prism shaped CaIrO3-type post perovskite MgSiO3 crystals may develop under the shear flow in the Earth's mantle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1148-1152
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume93
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

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Cations
X-ray diffraction
Single crystals
crystal
Prisms
cations
X ray diffraction
prisms
single crystals
diffraction
cation
Atoms
vibration
Crystals
x rays
Shear flow
polyhedrons
shear flow
needles
Needles

Keywords

  • CaIrO
  • D' layer
  • Lower mantle
  • Post-perovskite
  • Single crystal
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Sugahara, M., Yoshiasa, A., Yoneda, A., Hashimoto, T., Sakai, S., Okube, M., ... Ohtaka, O. (2008). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of CaIrO3. American Mineralogist, 93(7), 1148-1152. https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2008.2701

Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of CaIrO3. / Sugahara, Masahiko; Yoshiasa, Akira; Yoneda, Akira; Hashimoto, Takafumi; Sakai, Syunsuke; Okube, Maki; Nakatsuka, Akihiko; Ohtaka, Osamu.

In: American Mineralogist, Vol. 93, No. 7, 07.2008, p. 1148-1152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sugahara, M, Yoshiasa, A, Yoneda, A, Hashimoto, T, Sakai, S, Okube, M, Nakatsuka, A & Ohtaka, O 2008, 'Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of CaIrO3', American Mineralogist, vol. 93, no. 7, pp. 1148-1152. https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2008.2701
Sugahara M, Yoshiasa A, Yoneda A, Hashimoto T, Sakai S, Okube M et al. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of CaIrO3. American Mineralogist. 2008 Jul;93(7):1148-1152. https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2008.2701
Sugahara, Masahiko ; Yoshiasa, Akira ; Yoneda, Akira ; Hashimoto, Takafumi ; Sakai, Syunsuke ; Okube, Maki ; Nakatsuka, Akihiko ; Ohtaka, Osamu. / Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of CaIrO3. In: American Mineralogist. 2008 ; Vol. 93, No. 7. pp. 1148-1152.
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