Simultaneous separation of 17 anions by capillary electrophoresis with the addition of an organic solvent

Kazuki Hata, Noriko Nonaka, Nobuyuki Sato, Takashi Kaneta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Seventeen inorganic and organic anions, that normally are insufficiently separated via ion chromatography, were completely separated by the addition of an organic solvent to a solution of BGE combined with an adjustment of the apparent pH via CE in combination with indirect UV absorbance detection. Methanol, ethanol, and acetonitrile were examined for their utility in manipulating the selective separation of anions. Methanol and acetonitrile were better modifiers than ethanol at enhancing the resolution of anions comigrating in an aqueous solution of BGE. Methanol was selected as the modifier that provided the largest separation window that could achieve a complete separation of the target analytes. Via the use of methanol, manipulation of the selectivity between inorganic anions and that between inorganic and organic anions was enhanced, but the separation between organic anions remained difficult when only methanol was used. By varying the apparent pH of the BGE in the presence of 10% v/v methanol, however, the separation selectivity between organic anions was substantially improved. Eventually, 7 inorganic and 10 organic anions were simultaneously separated using BGE at a pH of 6.3 in the presence of 10% v/v methanol.

Original languageEnglish
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Indirect absorbance detection
  • Inorganic anion
  • Organic anion
  • Organic solvent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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