Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and conductivity based on metamaterial absorber

Wei Wang, Feng Ping Yan, Si Yu Tan, Lu Na Zhang, Zhuo Ya Bai, Dan Cheng, Hong Zhou, Yafei Hou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An algorithm for the metamaterial sensors to simultaneously measure the refractive index (RI) and conductivity of the analyte is introduced. To verify the algorithm, a square ring metamaterial absorber is numerically calculated as a specific example in the terahertz frequency. Firstly, the sensing performances of the absorber on the RI and conductivity are evaluated separately. Then the relationship expressions between dual variables (frequency shift (FS) and amplitude modulation (AM)) and two arguments (RI and conductivity) can be obtained through mathematical fitting process. By reversely solving this equations set, the conductivity and RI of the analyte can be expressed as another equations set that can be solved easily. The proposed algorithm offers an effective method to determine RI and conductivity of the analyte by measuring the AM and FS of the reflection dip of the absorber sensor. To validate the effectiveness and accuracy of the algorithm, the FS and AM obtained from the simulations are plugged into the reverse equations set. Then the calculated n and σ are compared to their responding original values. The maximum percentage error between them are both less than 0.83%, which are small enough to illustrate the rightness of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115105
JournalJournal of Optics (United Kingdom)
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 23 2017

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Metamaterials
Refractive index
absorbers
Amplitude modulation
refractivity
conductivity
frequency shift
sensors
Sensors
rings
simulation

Keywords

  • nonlinear simultaneous measurement
  • sensor
  • THz metamaterial absorber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and conductivity based on metamaterial absorber. / Wang, Wei; Yan, Feng Ping; Tan, Si Yu; Zhang, Lu Na; Bai, Zhuo Ya; Cheng, Dan; Zhou, Hong; Hou, Yafei.

In: Journal of Optics (United Kingdom), Vol. 19, No. 11, 115105, 23.10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Wei ; Yan, Feng Ping ; Tan, Si Yu ; Zhang, Lu Na ; Bai, Zhuo Ya ; Cheng, Dan ; Zhou, Hong ; Hou, Yafei. / Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and conductivity based on metamaterial absorber. In: Journal of Optics (United Kingdom). 2017 ; Vol. 19, No. 11.
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