To explore a novel concept for controlling diastereoselectivity, systematic studies on the sense and degree of diastereotopic groups and face selections in intramolecular [3 + 2] (nitrile oxide and nitrone) and [2 + 2 + 1] (Pauson-Khand) cycloadditions have been conducted. Optically pure methyl (S)-3,4-O-isopropylidene-3,4-dihydroxybutanoate (5) and methyl (S)-2,3-O-isopropylidene-2,3-dihydroxypropanoate (6) were converted to substrate aldehydes (1-4) that bear geminal allyl groups and four types of controllers with the intention of imparting a stereochemical bias to the allylic groups and their faces. The controllers involve 1,2-bis(tert-butyldimethylsiloxy), 1,3-bis(tertbutyldimethylsiloxy), 1,2-acetonide, and 1,3-acetonide groups, which are referred to as 1,2-(TBDMSO)2, 1,3-(TBDMSO)2, 1,3-dioxolane, and 1,3-dioxane, respectively. Twelve runs of cycloaddition reactions as combinations between the three types of reactions and the four types of substrates were performed to provide bicyclo[4.3.0] or -[3.3.0] adducts of synthetic importance in which isoxazolidine, isoxazoline, or cyclopentenone segments were fused. For every case, high levels of diastereoselectivity have been achieved: >99% (in eight cases), 82%, and 76% for the discrimination of diastereotopic groups and 68→99% for the discrimination of diastereotopic faces. On the basis of the absolute structures of the cycloadducts, plausible stereochemical models are proposed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry