Similar safety and efficacy in previously treated adults with growth hormone deficiency randomized to once-weekly somapacitan or daily growth hormone

Fumio Otsuka, Yutaka Takahashi, Shigeyuki Tahara, Yoshihisa Ogawa, Michael Højby Rasmussen, Koji Takano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Somapacitan is a long-acting, reversible albumin-binding growth hormone (GH) derivative in development. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of once-weekly somapacitan versus daily GH over 52 weeks in Japanese patients with adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD). Design: Phase 3, multicentre, randomized, parallel-group, open-label, active-controlled trial (NCT03075644). Patients: Previously GH-treated Japanese patients with AGHD were randomized 3:1 to somapacitan (n = 46) or daily GH (n = 16) for 20 weeks’ dose titration and 32 weeks’ fixed-dose treatment. Measurements: Primary endpoint was the incidence of adverse events (AEs). Secondary endpoints included change from baseline to week 52 in visceral, subcutaneous and total adipose tissue (VAT, SAT and TAT). Results: Mean (SD) prescribed doses after titration were 1.780 (1.058) mg/week for somapacitan and 0.197 (0.083) mg/day for daily GH. Rate of AEs per 100 patient-years was similar between arms (somapacitan, 312.7; daily GH, 309.8). Four AEs in the somapacitan arm were serious; none were considered treatment-related. Mean insulin-like growth factor-I standard deviation score (IGF-I SDS) was maintained from baseline in both arms. No significant differences were observed between arms for change from baseline to week 52 in VAT, SAT or TAT (estimated difference, somapacitan – daily GH [95% CI]: −1.74 [−18.13; 14.66], −11.53 [−35.54; 12.48] and − 12.85 [−47.31; 21.62] cm2, respectively). Conclusions: Treatment in both groups was well tolerated, with no unexpected safety findings. Impact on adipose tissue was similar to somapacitan and daily GH in patients with AGHD. A short visual summary of our work is available at https://bit.ly/3946YNF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-628
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • Japan
  • body composition
  • clinical trial
  • deficiency
  • growth hormone
  • insulin-like growth factor-I
  • patient safety
  • phase III

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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