Background Sinus tachycardia during exercise attenuates ST-segment elevation in patients with Brugada syndrome, whereas ST-segment augmentation after an exercise test is a high-risk sign. Some patients have premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) related to exercise, but the significance of exercise-related PVCs in patients with Brugada syndrome is still unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the significance of exercise-related PVCs for predicting occurrence of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with Brugada syndrome. Methods and Results The subjects were 307 patients with Brugada syndrome who performed a treadmill exercise test. We evaluated the occurrence of PVCs at rest, during exercise and at the peak of exercise, and during recovery after exercise (0-5 minutes). We followed the patients for 92±68 months and evaluated the occurrence of VF. PVCs occurred in 82 patients (27%) at the time of treadmill exercise test: PVCs appeared at rest in 14 patients (4%), during exercise in 60 patients (20%), immediately after exercise (0-1.5 minutes) in 28 patients (9%), early after exercise (1.5-3 minutes) in 18 patients (6%), and late after exercise (3-5 minutes) in 12 patients (4%). Thirty patients experienced VF during follow-up. Multivariable analysis including symptoms, spontaneous type 1 ECG, and PVCs in the early recovery phase showed that these factors were independently associated with VF events during follow-up. Conclusions PVCs early after an exercise test are associated with future occurrence of VF events. Rebound of vagal nerve activity at the early recovery phase would promote ST-segment augmentation and PVCs in high-risk patients with Brugada syndrome.
- Brugada syndrome
- exercise test
- premature ventricular contractions
- sudden death
- ventricular fibrillation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine