Sign-Reversing Orbital Polarization in the Nematic Phase of FeSe due to the C2 Symmetry Breaking in the Self-Energy

Seiichiro Onari, Youichi Yamakawa, Hiroshi Kontani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


To understand the nematicity in Fe-based superconductors, nontrivial k dependence of the orbital polarization [ΔExz(k), ΔEyz(k)] in the nematic phase, such as the sign reversal of the orbital splitting between Γ and X, Y points in FeSe, provides significant information. To solve this problem, we study the spontaneous symmetry breaking with respect to the orbital polarization and spin susceptibility self-consistently. In FeSe, due to the sign-reversing orbital order, the hole and electron pockets are elongated along the ky and kx axes, respectively, consistently with experiments. In addition, an electron pocket splits into two Dirac cone Fermi pockets while increasing the orbital polarization. The orbital order in Fe-based superconductors originates from the strong positive feedback between the nematic orbital order and spin susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number227001
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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