Vibrio parahaemolyticus produces a structurally novel type of siderophore, termed vibrioferrin, in response to iron-limitation. This study was performed to examine whether vibrioferrin can assimilate iron from human iron-binding proteins for growth. Comparison of the growth rates between V. parahaemolyticus AQ 3354 and its spontaneously arising, vibrioferrin-deficient mutant revealed that vibrioferrin was able to sequester iron from 30% iron-saturated human transferrin for growth, but not from human lactoferrin even if fully saturated with iron. In both strains, iron limitation induced two high-molecular-weight outer membrane proteins with apparent molecular masses of approximately 78 and 83 kDa. Since only the outer membrane fraction including these proteins showed a binding capacity to ferric vibrioferrin complex, either of them may function as its cell surface receptor. These results suggested that the organism might utilize such a source of host iron through the action of vibrioferrin during in vivo survival and proliferation, although its importance in pathogenesis is unknown.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
- Iron source
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus
ASJC Scopus subject areas