Short-term variations in cosmic ray proton fluxes from BESS-polar I

FOR THE BESS-POLAR COLLABORATION.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

BESS (Balloon-borne Experiment with a Superconducting Spectrometer) had its first circumpolar flight from Williams Field near McMurdo Station, Antarctica from Dec. 13 to 21, 2004. We have analyzed proton fluxes for this flight to study short-term variations in their intensities. Throughout a balloon flight, altitude varies, and, as a result, the atmospheric overburden changes. Precise determination of primary particle fluxes at the top of Earth’s atmosphere, requires a detailed correction for the effects of atmosphere on the fluxes observed by the detector. We carried out a careful analysis of BESS-Polar I data by dividing the whole flight data set into intervals of 4 hours. Then primary proton fluxes were individually determined for each of these time intervals after applying individual atmospheric corrections for each of these 4-hour intervals. Our sub-1% precision measurements of BESS Polar-I proton relative fluxes exhibit short-term variations after all instrumental effects are removed. The time progression of proton flux has two main features; a rising flux at the beginning of the flight, followed by quasi-periodic variation. Although the Sun was primarily quiet, arrival of a high-speed solar wind stream, enhancement of the interplanetary magnetic field, and a high energy multiple eruption solar energetic particle event occurred around this flight. In addition, the BESS-Polar I flight commenced during the recovery phase of a Forbush decrease. We present BESS-Polar I proton flux progression as a function of energy between 0.1 - 100.0 GeV and suggest possible physical interpretations of the observed variations in relation with interplanetary structures in the near-Earth space.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013
PublisherSociedade Brasileira de Fisica
Volume2013-October
ISBN (Electronic)9788589064293
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013
Event33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Duration: Jul 2 2013Jul 9 2013

Other

Other33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013
CountryBrazil
CityRio de Janeiro
Period7/2/137/9/13

Fingerprint

balloons
cosmic rays
spectrometers
flight
protons
intervals
progressions
flight altitude
Forbush decreases
balloon flight
atmospheric correction
Earth atmosphere
interplanetary magnetic fields
Antarctic regions
energetic particles
flux (rate)
volcanic eruptions
solar wind
arrivals
periodic variations

Keywords

  • BESS-Polar I
  • CIR
  • Diurnal variations
  • Proton fluxes
  • Short-term variations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

FOR THE BESS-POLAR COLLABORATION. (2013). Short-term variations in cosmic ray proton fluxes from BESS-polar I. In Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013 (Vol. 2013-October). Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica.

Short-term variations in cosmic ray proton fluxes from BESS-polar I. / FOR THE BESS-POLAR COLLABORATION.

Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013. Vol. 2013-October Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica, 2013.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

FOR THE BESS-POLAR COLLABORATION. 2013, Short-term variations in cosmic ray proton fluxes from BESS-polar I. in Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013. vol. 2013-October, Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica, 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 7/2/13.
FOR THE BESS-POLAR COLLABORATION. Short-term variations in cosmic ray proton fluxes from BESS-polar I. In Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013. Vol. 2013-October. Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica. 2013
FOR THE BESS-POLAR COLLABORATION. / Short-term variations in cosmic ray proton fluxes from BESS-polar I. Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Rays Conference, ICRC 2013. Vol. 2013-October Sociedade Brasileira de Fisica, 2013.
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AU - Hams, T.

AU - Itazaki, A.

AU - Kim, K. C.

AU - Kumazawa, T.

AU - Lee, M. H.

AU - Makida, Y.

AU - Matsuda, S.

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AU - Sasaki, M.

AU - Seo, E. S.

AU - Shikaze, Y.

AU - Streitmatter, R. E.

AU - Suzuki, J.

AU - Takasugi, Y.

AU - Takeuchi, K.

AU - Tanaka, K.

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N2 - BESS (Balloon-borne Experiment with a Superconducting Spectrometer) had its first circumpolar flight from Williams Field near McMurdo Station, Antarctica from Dec. 13 to 21, 2004. We have analyzed proton fluxes for this flight to study short-term variations in their intensities. Throughout a balloon flight, altitude varies, and, as a result, the atmospheric overburden changes. Precise determination of primary particle fluxes at the top of Earth’s atmosphere, requires a detailed correction for the effects of atmosphere on the fluxes observed by the detector. We carried out a careful analysis of BESS-Polar I data by dividing the whole flight data set into intervals of 4 hours. Then primary proton fluxes were individually determined for each of these time intervals after applying individual atmospheric corrections for each of these 4-hour intervals. Our sub-1% precision measurements of BESS Polar-I proton relative fluxes exhibit short-term variations after all instrumental effects are removed. The time progression of proton flux has two main features; a rising flux at the beginning of the flight, followed by quasi-periodic variation. Although the Sun was primarily quiet, arrival of a high-speed solar wind stream, enhancement of the interplanetary magnetic field, and a high energy multiple eruption solar energetic particle event occurred around this flight. In addition, the BESS-Polar I flight commenced during the recovery phase of a Forbush decrease. We present BESS-Polar I proton flux progression as a function of energy between 0.1 - 100.0 GeV and suggest possible physical interpretations of the observed variations in relation with interplanetary structures in the near-Earth space.

AB - BESS (Balloon-borne Experiment with a Superconducting Spectrometer) had its first circumpolar flight from Williams Field near McMurdo Station, Antarctica from Dec. 13 to 21, 2004. We have analyzed proton fluxes for this flight to study short-term variations in their intensities. Throughout a balloon flight, altitude varies, and, as a result, the atmospheric overburden changes. Precise determination of primary particle fluxes at the top of Earth’s atmosphere, requires a detailed correction for the effects of atmosphere on the fluxes observed by the detector. We carried out a careful analysis of BESS-Polar I data by dividing the whole flight data set into intervals of 4 hours. Then primary proton fluxes were individually determined for each of these time intervals after applying individual atmospheric corrections for each of these 4-hour intervals. Our sub-1% precision measurements of BESS Polar-I proton relative fluxes exhibit short-term variations after all instrumental effects are removed. The time progression of proton flux has two main features; a rising flux at the beginning of the flight, followed by quasi-periodic variation. Although the Sun was primarily quiet, arrival of a high-speed solar wind stream, enhancement of the interplanetary magnetic field, and a high energy multiple eruption solar energetic particle event occurred around this flight. In addition, the BESS-Polar I flight commenced during the recovery phase of a Forbush decrease. We present BESS-Polar I proton flux progression as a function of energy between 0.1 - 100.0 GeV and suggest possible physical interpretations of the observed variations in relation with interplanetary structures in the near-Earth space.

KW - BESS-Polar I

KW - CIR

KW - Diurnal variations

KW - Proton fluxes

KW - Short-term variations

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