Therapeutic angiogenesis can be induced by the implantation of bone marrow cells (BMCs). Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been shown to increase VEGF expression and to be involved in angiogenesis. We tested the hypothesis that pretreatment with H2O2 enhances the efficacy of BMCs for neovascularization. H2O2 pretreatment was done by incubating mouse BMCs in 5 μM H2O2 for 30 min, followed by washing twice with PBS. The H2O2- pretreated and untreated BMCs were then studied in vitro and in vivo. RT-PCR analysis showed that expression of VEGF and Flk-1 mRNA was significantly higher in H2O2-pretreated BMCs than in untreated BMCs after 12 and 24 h of culture (P < 0.01). Pretreatment with H2O2 also effectively enhanced the VEGF production and endothelial differentiation from BMCs after 1 and 7 days of culture (P < 0.05). To estimate the angiogenic potency in vivo, H2O2-pretreated or untreated BMCs were intramuscularly implanted into the ischemic hindlimbs of mice. After 14 days of treatment, many of the H2O2-pretreated BMCs were viable, showed endothelial differentiation, and were incorporated in microvessels. Conversely, the survival and incorporation of the untreated BMCs were relatively poor. Microvessel density and blood flow in the ischemic hindlimbs were significantly greater in the mice implanted with H 2O2-pretreated BMCs than in those implanted with untreated BMCs (P < 0.05). These results show that the short-term pretreatment of BMCs with low-dose H2O2 is a novel, simple, and feasible method of enhancing their angiogenic potency.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1 2007|
- Cell therapy
- Reactive oxygen species
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)