Two prospective multicenter studies demonstrated that a soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1)/placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio cutoff of ≤38 can rule out preeclampsia within 1 week with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 99.3% (PROGNOSIS) and 98.6% (PROGNOSIS Asia). We report a subanalysis of the Japanese cohort from the PROGNOSIS Asia study. Pregnant women with suspected preeclampsia between gestational weeks 18 + 0 days and 36 + 6 days were enrolled at eight Japanese sites. Primary objectives: Assess the performance of the Elecsys® sFlt-1/PlGF ratio cutoff ≤38 to rule out preeclampsia within 1 week and of the cutoff >38 to rule in preeclampsia within 4 weeks. Key secondary objectives: Prediction of maternal and fetal adverse outcomes (MAOs/FAOs) and their relationship with duration of pregnancy. Of 192 women enrolled, 180 (93.8%)/175 (91.1%) were evaluable for primary/combined endpoint analyses. Overall preeclampsia prevalence was 13.3%. A sFlt-1/PlGF ratio of ≤38 provided an NPV of 100% (95% confidence interval [CI], 97.5–100) for ruling out preeclampsia within 1 week, and a ratio of >38 provided a positive predictive value of 32.4% (95% CI, 18.0–49.8) for ruling in preeclampsia within 4 weeks. The area under the curve for the prediction of preeclampsia/maternal/fetal adverse outcomes within 1 week was 94.2% (95% CI, 89.3–97.8). After adjusting for gestational age and final preeclampsia status, Cox regression indicated a 2.8-fold greater risk of imminent delivery for women with a sFlt-1/PlGF ratio >38 versus ≤38. This subanalysis of Japanese women with suspicion of preeclampsia showed high predictive value for a Elecsys sFlt-1/PlGF ratio cutoff of 38 for short-term prediction of preeclampsia.
- Predictive performance
- Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1/placental growth factor ratio
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine