Sex difference in the influence of smoking status on the responsiveness to gefitinib monotherapy in adenocarcinoma of the lung: Okayama Lung Cancer Study Group experience

Katsuyuki Hotta, Katsuyuki Kiura, Nagio Takigawa, Shoichi Kuyama, Yoshihiko Segawa, Toshiro Yonei, Kenichi Gemba, Keisuke Aoe, Takuo Shibayama, Keisuke Matsuo, Haruhito Kamei, Yoshiro Fujiwara, Akihiko Bessho, Tomonori Moritaka, Keisuke Sugimoto, Masahiro Tabata, Hiroshi Ueoka, Mitsune Tanimoto

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Abstract

Background: Gefitinib is effective in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Smoking status also affects the responsiveness to gefitinib, but it has not been fully evaluated whether a sex difference exists in the influence of smoking on the efficacy of gefitinib in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: We reviewed the clinical records of 260 Japanese patients with lung adenocarcinoma who received gefitinib therapy (250 mg/day), and whose smoking status was known. Tumour response and survival were evaluated and stratified by smoking status and gender. Results: Among the 260 patients, 157 were male (60%). Median pack-years was 40 (range 8-160) and 23 (range 1-74) in male and female smokers, respectively. Objective response was observed in 62 (23.8%) of the 260 patients, and 1-year overall survival and progression-free survival were 45.1 and 24.3%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that smoking status (pack-years) was an independent predictive factor for response to gefitinib [odds ratio (OR) = 0.971, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.947-0.995; P = 0.0159] in male patients, but not in female patients (OR = 0.999, 95%CI = 0.957-1.042). Additionally, pack-years significantly influenced the overall survival in males (hazard ratio = 1.010; 95%CI = 1.002-1018, P = 0.0169), while differential survival of females was not significantly predicted by this factor (P = 0.7639). Conclusions: In male patients with lung adenocarcinoma, cumulative smoking significantly affected response and survival following gefitinib treatment, while in female patients, responsiveness to gefitinib was independent of smoking status. These results suggest that the influence of smoking habit on responsiveness to gefitinib is gender specific.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cancer research and clinical oncology
Volume135
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Gefitinib
  • Gender
  • Non-small-cell lung cancer
  • Objective response
  • Smoking status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Hotta, K., Kiura, K., Takigawa, N., Kuyama, S., Segawa, Y., Yonei, T., Gemba, K., Aoe, K., Shibayama, T., Matsuo, K., Kamei, H., Fujiwara, Y., Bessho, A., Moritaka, T., Sugimoto, K., Tabata, M., Ueoka, H., & Tanimoto, M. (2009). Sex difference in the influence of smoking status on the responsiveness to gefitinib monotherapy in adenocarcinoma of the lung: Okayama Lung Cancer Study Group experience. Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology, 135(1), 117-123. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00432-008-0431-1