Seven amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients diagnosed only after development of respiratory failure

Kota Sato, Nobutoshi Morimoto, Kentaro Deguchi, Yoshio Ikeda, Tohru Matsuura, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disorder that causes muscle weakness, disability, respiratory failure, and eventually death. However, some ALS patients are diagnosed only after development of respiratory failure. To study the reason for delayed diagnosis of ALS, we reviewed cases of ALS patients with respiratory failure. We retrospectively reviewed all 200 patients diagnosed with sporadic ALS in our hospital from January 2001 to April 2011. Among them, we focused on seven patients who were diagnosed only after developing respiratory failure. We reviewed their clinical characteristics and demographics. The mean time from onset to a correct diagnosis was 15.6 ± standard deviation of 8.0 months. Two patients had already been intubated at a previous hospital because they presented with severe respiratory failure and required emergency intubation. One patient was intubated upon arrival to our hospital. We identified three reasons for the delay in diagnosis: delayed referral to a neurologist (four patients); a shortage of neurologists in rural areas (three patients); and an atypical clinical course with respiratory failure as the initial symptom (two patients). Three patients had undergone emergency intubation without giving informed consent. To provide an informed choice and to avoid unwanted intubation for ALS patients, we suggest extending neurological knowledge of ALS to general practitioners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1341-1343
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • ALS
  • Emergency medicine
  • Intubation
  • Neurodegenerative disorder
  • Respiratory failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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