Sessile Droplet Freezing on Hydrophobic Structured Surfaces under Cold Ambient Conditions

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

There have been conflicting reports as to whether surface wettability is effective in the freezing delay enhancement of attached water droplets. It is an important problem in the development of anti-icing surfaces needed for applications, such as aircraft wings and infrastructures. Here, we prepared precooled ambient conditions and surfaces which included smooth, microstructured, and two nanostructured surfaces with hydrophobic coatings to create an environment closer to the actual environment and to avoid frost formation, which enhances wetting transition and nucleation. Static and dynamic wetting characteristics of each surface were investigated as the fundamental properties and the freezing behavior of precooled water droplets were observed. A distinct elongation of the freezing delay time was observed for droplets on nanostructured surfaces which have static contact angles >150°, in contrast to those on smooth and microstructured surfaces. However, the difference in droplet adhesion induced by nanostructures showed a negligible impact on freezing delay. These results indicated that the reduction of the actual contact area between the solid and liquid phases restricted ice nucleus formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16401-16406
Number of pages6
JournalLangmuir
Volume35
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 17 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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